Sustainable Potato Farming Ethan Walker / Will shute

Potatoes are high in potassium and vitamin C. They are fat, sodium, and cholesterol free. Humans can survive off of potatoes for long periods of time, due to their high caloric value and variety of vitamins.

90% of U.S. crops are planted in the spring are potatoes. There is a high market demand for potatoes in the the fast food industry. They are commonly made into french fries and chips. Potatoes are also well suited for long term storage due to their compact size and are resistant to perishing.

Geographic Location

The best country for potato farming is a small Baltic state called Latvia. Latvia experiences mild winters and summers. Average temperatures range from 50-60 degrees. Latvia's hottest months are April and July, which are perfect for the spring growing season. Potatoes are the only thing that can grow in that climate so they are in very high demand. Latvia was once under Soviet influence and has since been struggling economically. This provides us with with low land and labor costs.

Product Market

Because potatoes are of the few crops Latvia is capable of producing, it is in high demand by its citizens. Low labor costs and high economic demand make potatoes an excellent cash crop. Any potatoes not sold to the citizens of Latvia can be sold to high paying fast food companies for fries and chips.

Sustainable Farming

Since potatoes grow mostly underground they prevent soil erosion on their own. We can use oats cover crop to prevent groundwater contamination and soil depletion. Oats can also be harvested and sold.

Agricultural Concerns

We plan to control pests with organic pesticides ONLY; our cover crops will help them from affecting groundwater.

We will NOT use GMOs on our farm. Non-modified potatoes will suit the needs of our farm as they will still be highly profitable.

To meet our crops irrigation needs, while keeping sustainability in mind, we'll be using a drip system. Drip systems are highly effective and efficient. The high cost won't be a concern to our farm due to the high profit potential.

Environmental Concerns

To conserve water we will use a drip hose method, which distributes only the required amount of water.

We will closely monitor our population and how it changes. This will prevent us from growing past our farms established limits.

We will select open grassland for our farm to prevent any deforestation, which harms habitats.

To prevent any contamination to the surrounding environment, our farm will reuse any left over biomass from the potatoes. The biomass will be turned into compost which will be used as fertilizer.

Bibliography

"Weather and Climate: Average Monthly Rainfall, Sunshine, Temperatures, Humidity, Wind Speed." Weather and Climate: Latvia, Average Monthly Rainfall, Sunshine, Temperature, Humidity, Wind Speed. World Weather and Climate Information, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2017.

"Potatoes." USDA ERS - Potatoes. U.S. Department of Agriculture, 19 Oct. 2016. Web. 24 Jan. 2017.

"Sustainable Agriculture Techniques." Sustainable Agriculture Techniques. Union of Concerned Scientists, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2017.

Created By
Ethan Walker
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