A monarchy is a kingdom ruled by a family and the leaders are chosen by blood. It is restricted to only blood relatives and sons and daughters. Some pros are no election, which is cheap and easy, the children are raised to be leaders, and there is only one very small group of leaders so the power imbalance is very relative. Some countries are most of Scandinavia, the U.K., Spain, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, Japan, and Malaysia. It is not fair because there is no voting for who leads, so some uneducated child could be leading Europe.
What is it? Anarchy is against any type of government and have no ruler. Some of the pros are: complete freedom, so for marriage, speech etc.., no taxes, and no laws. Some of the cons are: People can just go kill each other, there is no control, freedom of speech can be hateful. No countries are in complete anarchy, but many contain anarchists. There are no restrictions in anarchy because there are no laws. Anarchy is fair because there are no restrictions to the people.
What is it? When the government controls people's jobs and then distributes some of what they make in any way they want. Pros: Everyone has a job, everyone gets something. Cons: People are not paid fairly and do not get to choose what they do. Some communist countries are China, Cuba, North Korea and Vietnam. Some restrictions of communism are in the people. A communist government restricts them from choosing their job and having freedom of speech. Communism is not fair because the people have no freedom of speech or choice.
What is it? A democracy is where a group of people or representatives vote for the decisions in an area, but there are two types, direct and indirect. Indirect means representatives chosen by the people vote and direct means that just the people vote. Some of the pros are freedom of speech, get to make decisions, and in a direct democracy everybody has a say. Some of the cons are people can make horrible decisions, in some democracies only men or a specific group can vote. Some countries who have a form of democracy are: France, Germany, India, Ireland, Japan, Spain, and Canada. Democracy is usually very fair because the people get to speak their minds, but some democracies will allow on certain people to vote.
What is it? Dictatorship is when a certain leader, usually ruling with violence, makes all decisions for a place. Some of the pros are: Decisions are easy to make, no election, people don’t have to really get involved with politics. Some cons are: Usually violent, very unfair, people have no say. Some restrictions of dictatorship are: You can’t choose anything unless you are the leader. Some countries with dictators are: China, Cuba, and Chad. Dictatorship is extremely unfair because nobody really has a say except for a powerful tyrant.
What is it? An oligarchy is a form of government where a group of people leads. Some pros include gender equality in the groups, and many oligarchies are open to change. Countries with an oligarchy includes Venezuela, North Korea, and China. Some cons include favoritism toward people with power and some leaders in the group could have arguments. This is sometimes considered fair, but most of the time, the people don't have freedom of speech, thus making it not fair.
A republic is a type of government based of representatives and voting. This helps minimize the chance of an over powerful government, thus giving the people more power. Some pros include increased liberty and freedom, but some cons include a chance for a corrupt government. There are hundreds of republic governments, but some include Cyprus, South Africa, and the United States. This government is considered fair because the power lies within the people.
Socialism is a government based off of different classes of people. The different classes of people all have equal relationships. Some pros to socialism include guaranteed health care to citizens and it gets rid of classes and wage gaps in the community. On the other hand, socialism can cause people to become lazy because their wealth is decided for them. Socialist governments also have increased taxes. A restriction in the socialist government is that leaders can not unnecessarily spend money. The money in the economy must be used for the people. Some socialist countries include Ireland, Norway, and Sweden. Socialism is sometimes considered fair depending on how you look at it. Ideally, each person works and earns money, where there is no wage gap. But, some people can take advantage of this and not work very hard because they will still get paid.