Malaria is responsible for the deaths of about 900,000 people annually. It afflicts about 250 million people a year. It's a very serious, ancient disease. It is caused by malarial infected female mosquitoes. The parasite that cause malaria have been infecting human beings for thousands of years. The ancient Egyptian king, King Tut, may have had malaria because of the malarial fevers that he had.
People that are diagnosed with malaria often experience fevers, they may get chills, and flu-like illness. The illness often occurs in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. If people with malaria see a doctor as soon as these symptoms start to kick in, they can develop serious complications and DIE. About 1,500 cases of malaria show up every single year and the vast majority of cases that come up in the United States are in travelers. In 2015, about 438,000 people died from malaria and it was mostly children.
Malaria is a blood disease that is caused by female mosquito bites. The reason it is caused by a female mosquito is because female mosquitoes are the only ones who can cause it. Dusk and dawn are the most common and convenient times for the mosquitoes to be out. The disease was first noticed in 1880 and the name comes from the Italian word "mal aria" meaning bad air.
Sub-Saharan Africa carries the highest risk of malaria. In 2015, half the world's population was at risk of this terrifying disease. It is an acute febrile illness which means it's a disease characterized by a sudden onset of fevers. Early diagnosis and treatment of this disease can reduce disease and prevent death. Antimalarial medicine is also a way to help in preventing malaria. Vector control is the main thing that people use to help prevent malaria or reduce the transmission of it.
The symptoms of malaria begin ten days to four weeks after the infection. Females normally bite from nine PM to five AM. There are over 100 species of malaria parasites. Once the parasite enters the body, it lodges itself into the liver of the human. After two weeks, the parasite bursts into the blood stream and begins to infect red blood cells. Malaria was supposedly eliminated in the US in 1951, but we still receive 1,500 cases annually.
Malaria mostly breeds in warmer climates and that is why it's so common in Africa. Malaria exists in 103 out of the 196 countries in the world. Fortunately, malaria is not a contagious disease. The most common symptom is high fevers. Women are VERY vulnerable to catching malaria, that is why pregnant women should not travel out of country making there risk of malaria higher than normal. I 2012, 207 million cases of malaria were recorded worldwide.
It can take up to four years to develop the symptoms of malaria. At least eight of our presidents have suffered from malaria. Thousands of people die every year from something called false antimalarial medication. Mosquitoes who carry malarial infection act some what like vampires. If someone drinks alcohol, they can increase their chance of getting malaria. The reason for this is because that mosquitoes love the smell of alcohol, if you have a little scent of it in your breath or anywhere for that matter, a mosquito will most likely bite you because of their love for the smell of it. Rarer strains of this disease lie dormant, meaning that it could months, maybe even years, before you become actually ill.
The parasite that is malaria is microscopic of course. Its name is Plasmodium. In 2013, this parasite killed an estimate of 584,000 people. However, death rates have fallen globally since 2000. There are at least 100 different kinds of Plasmodium that can infect animal species. There are SIX species of Plasmodium that can infect HUMANS. Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, and Plasmodium ovale curtisi are just THREE of them. Falciparum and Vivax are the two most common types of malaria parasite to infect humans. The falciparum is the most serious which would put vivax in second place for most serious.
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