Around 3400 BC, 2 separate kingdoms were established. The Red Land to the North and White Land in the South.
The King Scorpion from the south was the first to attempt to conquer the North.
A century later in 3200 King Menes subdued the North and unified the country. He was the first King of the first dynasty.
Kings were godlike to the ancient Egyptians. They were often closely identified with the all powerful god Horus.
The Old Kingdom Period
The Old Kingdom started with the 3rd dynasty of Pharoahs.