George Eastman founded a company called 'Eastman Kodak' in 1888. This company later became known as 'Kodak'. He was a creative businessman who patented the first roll of film, which he then manufactured. He also made the first Kodak camera, which was called 'The Kodak' and he sold it in 1888 more info here
The advertisement above was used in 1939 to promote Kodachrome film. For more information click here
Here is an image of a handwritten Kodachrome film exposure guide (http://collections.eastman.org/objects/498728/handwritten-kodachrome-exposure-guide?ctx=34dd6baa-4368-4ac2-9e5f-f13f2f031aa8&idx=8).
Kodachrome is a type of colour film that was sold to the masses and was highly successful. "Kodachrome is a brand name for a non-substantive, color reversal film introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1935. It was one of the first successful color materials and was used for both cinematography and still photography." (http://www.shootingfilm.net/2014/04/a-brief-history-of-kodak-kodachrome-film.html)
This is what the original Kodak camera looked like.
Here is a photo of what some Kodachrome film looked like.
This is another iconic image that was captured using Kodachrome film.
Below is a video of one of the first Kodachrome film tests, this shows the colour and characteristics of the film.
There were various types of Kodachrome film invented, for screen and for print. The video below shows a timeline and gives an insight into processing Kodachrome film.
Sadly, the lab featured in the video above has now closed. However, there is a resurgence and a demand for old film types at present.
Steve McCurry shot the last roll of Kodachrome ever made, above is a video documenting this process with examples of how vivid Kodachrome's colours were.
Below is a video showing how you would develop your colour film photographs using the C-41 process.
Below is a photoshop tutorial on how you can get the 'Kodachrome' look by using up-to-date software to optimise your photographs and make them look like the were shot using Kodachrome film.