Many people can get injured by many incidents in mines and caves such as cave-ins, floods, noise, dust, etc.
Floods - They can come about because of ground water ingress or uncontrolled surface runoff, such as flash flooding following heavy rains. Floods can compromise the stability of pit walls, bringing about a collapse that kills miners and wrecks equipment.
Dust - Blasting and drilling leave very fine mineral dust particles in the air that can accumulate in the lungs. Another common form of the disease for miners is black lung disease.
Cave-in: Cave-ins are one of the most common underground mining accidents. They can take place for a number of reasons, including the following:
- The land or ground sinking
- non safe underground mineshaft walls and ceilings
- Cracks in the shaft floor and walls, which can lead to a weakening of the whole structure
Noise - Mining equipment, including crushers, drills and engines, that lets off unfiltered noise can cause short-term or permanent hearing loss, eardrum rupture or compromised speech.
Mining welding fumes consist of vaporized molten metal. Long-term excessive exposure can result in pneumococcus, respiratory tract irritation and systemic poisoning.
Solution - Stop using machines for heavy mining and instead just use regular tools for mining and this speeds the process and we don't have to spend a lot of money. If it gets too tiring the miners should be able to get water brakes and free roam other mines.
Sources - http://careerminer.infomine.com/on-the-job-risks-of-mining/ https://www.sba.gov/managing-business/business-guides-industry/mining-drilling http://technology.infomine.com/reviews/Drilling/welcome.asp?view=full http://www.mining-technology.com/contractors/drilling/ http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/miller_dangersofmining.html