Elements of Drama By Yovanni Garcia


Definition: A reference to a literary or historical person, place, event, or composition

Example : The man fell in love with a woman from the enemy tribe like how Romeo fell in love with his enemy in Romeo and Juliet.

Comic relief

Definintion: a relief from the emotional tension especially of a drama that is provided by the interposition of a comic episode or element

Example: When the bill came in my parents were mad and I told them a joke I said I never knew bills had teeth because it is really biting us.


Definition: a short remark or set of lines that are spoken by a character directly to the audience

Example: In the movie Ferris bueller's Day off he talks to the audience.

Foil Characters

Definition: a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in Oder to highlight particular qualities of the other character

Example: in cars the movie motor was the foil character.


Definition: a long speech spoken by one person

Example: in the play my brother had a long monologue that almost lasted 5 minutes


Definition: a written composition in which two or more characters are represented as conversing

Example From a story: “I said I’d show you a mystery.”

“I thought you meant one of the treasures.”

“No. I meant him. There’s something shifty about him. I’ve been keeping an eye on him. He’s up to something.”


Definition: an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present

Example: “To be, or not to be–that is the question:

Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer

The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune

(Hamlet by William Shakespeare)

Tragic Hero

Definition: a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat:

Example:Peripeteia – The reversal of fate that the hero experiences.


Definition: a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly.”.

Example: The ice tea was bittersweet.


Definition: Foreshadowing is an advance sign or warning of what is to come in the future.

Example: Parents sometimes tell their children, “You’ll thank me for this later,” in the hopes of foreshadowing gratitude down the line.

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