Federal Bureaucracy James Kruse

United States Department of Agriculture

Founded: 1889

Secretary of Agriculture: Michael Young

Mission: to provide economic opportunity through innovation, helping rural America to thrive; to promote agriculture production that better nourishes Americans while also helping feed others throughout the world; and to preserve our Nation's natural resources through conservation, restored forests, improved watersheds, and healthy private working lands

Iron Triangle: The USDA seeks to please the American Farm Bureau who lobby the members of the Senate Committee on Agriculture to pass favorable legislation

Website: https://www.usda.gov/

United States Department of Commerce

Founded: 1903

Secretary of Commerce: Wilbur Ross Jr.

Mission: the mission of the Department is to create the conditions for economic growth and opportunity

Iron Triangle: The joint small business committee is influenced by the lobbying of the US Chamber of Commerce interest group. They try to pass legislation to better serve the department.

Website: https://www.commerce.gov/

United States Department of Defense

Founded: 1947

Secretary of Defense: James Mattis

Mission: To defend the United States of America

Iron Triangle: Large defense contractors can work with Defense Department officials to convince them to use their congressional funding to order products. They must use their influence in committees to pass necessary legislation

Website: https://www.defense.gov/

United States Department of Education

Founded: 1979

Secretary of Education: Betsy DeVos

Mission: to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.

Iron Triangle: Groups such as the American Federation of Teachers and the American Security Council Foundation seek influence in education by communicating with members in the House Committee on education.

Website: https://www.ed.gov/

United States Department of State

Founded: 1789

Secretary of State: Rex Tillerson

Mission: to shape and sustain a peaceful, prosperous, just, and democratic world and foster conditions for stability and progress for the benefit of the American people and people everywhere

Iron Triangle: Congressmen in the Senate foreign relations committee are responsible for much of the US foreign policy and provide support for the state department while facing influence from a variety of interest groups.

Website: www.state.gov

The United States Department of the Treasury

Founded: 1789

Secretary of Treasury: Steve Mnuchin

Mission: Maintain a strong economy and create economic and job opportunities by promoting the conditions that enable economic growth and stability at home and abroad

Iron Triangle: The Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee forms the abilities of the department of Treasury while receiving electoral support from groups such as the National Business and Consumers special interest groups.

Website: www.treasury.gov

United States Department of the Interior

Founded: 1849

Secretary of the interior: Ryan Zinke

Mission: protects and manages the Nation's natural resources and cultural heritage; provides scientific and other information about those resources; and honors its trust responsibilities or special commitments to American Indians,

Iron Triangle: Issues involving the department of the interior fall under the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies subcommittee of the appropriations subcommittee in congress.

Website: www.doi.gov

United States Department of Labor

Founded: 1913

Secretary of Labor: Ed Hugler

Mission: To foster, promote, and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers, and retirees of the United States; improve working conditions; advance opportunities for profitable employment; and assure work-related benefits and rights

Iron Triangle: The committee on Labor and Employment passes the legislation to guide/manage the United States Department of Labor.

Website: https://www.dol.gov

United States Department of Transportation

Founded: 1966

Secretary of Transportation: Elaine Chao

Mission: To serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future

Iron Triangle: Business interest groups such as the National Auto Dealers Association lobby members of the House Committee on Transportation for favorable legislation.

Website: www.dot.gov

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

Founded: 1965

Secretary of HUD: Ben Carson

Mission: to create strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all

Iron Triangle: The department is managed by the US committee on banking, housing, and urban affairs. Due to the inclusion of banking in the committee, lobbyists such as the American Shareholders Association and Financial Executives International have large influence.

Website: www.hud.gov

United States Department of Energy

Founded: 1977

Secretary of Energy: Rick Perry

Mission: to ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions

Iron Triangle: Lobbying groups representing large fossil fuel business seek influence in the Senate committee on Energy and Natural Resources.

Website: www.doe.gov

United States Department of Veterans Affairs

Founded: 1989

Secretary of Veterans Affairs: David Shulkin

Mission: to serve and honor the men and women who are United States veterans

Iron Triangle: Groups including the Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America and the Military Officers Association of America are the main influencers of the house committee on veterans affairs.

Website: www.VA.gov

United States Department of Homeland Security

Founded: 2003

Secretary of Homeland Security: John Kelly

Mission: to safeguard the American people, our homeland, and our values

Iron Triangle: The department of homeland security is largely controlled by the house committee on homeland security, who pass the legislation that creates the budget and guidelines for the department.

Website: www.dhs.gov

United States Department of Justice

Founded: 1789

Attorney General: Jeff Sessions

Mission: to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law; to ensure public safety against threats foreign and domestic; to provide federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; to seek just punishment for those guilty of unlawful behavior; and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans

Iron Triangle: The House Judiciary committee provides legislative oversight of the department. Committee members are lobbied by individuals/organizations seeking legislation to further fund police forces or funding for correctional institutions.

Website: www.justice.gov

United States Department of Health and Human Services

Founded: 1953

Secretary of Health and Human Services: Tom Price

Mission: to enhance and protect the health and well-being of all Americans. We fulfill that mission by providing for effective health and human services and fostering advances in medicine, public health, and social services

Iron Triangle: The Senate committee on Health and Human services gives funding/regulation for the department while interest groups such as the American Heart Association seek favorable legislation for political support.

Website: www.hhs.gov

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