Dred scott was a slave that traveled to states with his master like Illinois and Minnesota. He wanted to be free every where he went not just free in territory. Dred scott took this to the supreme court and it was called the dred scott decision. This happened in 1857 and Dred scott was freed
the Emancipation Proclamation was in 1863 where Abraham Lincoln called this order to action. This declared that slaves were freed in confederate states. The problem was that Abraham Lincoln had no power over the confederate states. This proclamation did not succeed.
The 13th Amendment was where Lincoln wanted to end slavery for good. The 13th amendment was approved by 27 out of 36 states. It was ratified in 1865 and it officially banned any form of slavery .
The 14th amendment was in 1868. This took place with the Dred Scott decision. it changed the idea of the chief Justice of the Supreme Court. It claimed that anyone that was born in the US was allowed to be a citizen.
in 1870 The 15th Amendment was created and this allowed all men to vote including blacks. They had to allow all to vote.
In 1896 seperate but equal was born. The separate but equal was a supreme court case. this ruled that segregation is fine if african americans are given equal things. This started separate water fountains, medical care , and this gave public schools for african americans
in 1954 there was a supreme case that ruled segregation in public schools and that separate but equal was unconstitutional. It also made it legal for blacks and whites to attend school together
the Montgomery bus boycott was in 1955 where rosa parks sat in the front of the bus and refused to give a white man a seat. This was a violation because blacks had to sit in the back of the bus. Rosa parks was in jail for over a year. On December 21, 1956 the supreme court ruled that segregated buses were unconstitutional .
The little rock nine was in 1957 and happened after the ruling of segregation in public schools was ruled on that blacks could go to any school. The first nine blacks that went to school weren't welcomed in the school and they had to get national guards to let them in . The governor didn't want them but the president over ruled them
Sit ins began in 1960 this is when four black college students went to a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina and they would not serve them because they were for white people. These students refused to get up that was how they peacefully protested and many others took place
Ruby Bridges went to a segregated school in 1960. she was chosen as one of the first blacks to go to a previous white school. her and her mother got taken by the federal marshals when she came many white people were pulled out of school because of their parents but ruby continued and she graduated from high school and college .
the freedom writers started protesting in 1961. they road buses to the segregated areas of the south. they were all different races that believed that segregation was not right and they challenged the laws.
in 1962 james Meredith was excepted and blocked entrance to university of Mississippi. The supreme court said that he could attend but when he arrived there was no entrance they blocked him off. eventually he graduated and got into degree in political science.
in 1963 Martin Luther king also known as MLK gave his "i have a dream speech" there was a crowd of over two hundred and fifty thousand people and there was a march on Washington for jobs and freedom and they gathered there after that. He said this will be a end to racism he also encouraged the president to stop discrimination and pass the laws.