The Republic of Colombia By: anitra taylor; mr. phelps' social studies class

Country Profile


  • 49,005,537 is the current population.

Type of Government

  • Republic

Political Leader

  • Juan Manuel Santos was elected as the president of Colombia in 2010.

Major Cities

  • Bogota is the capital.
  • Medellin
  • Cali
  • Barranquilla
  • Bucaramanga


  • 90% of the population is Roman Catholic.



  • Colombian Peso

Natural Resources

  • Coal
  • Iron ore
  • Petroleum
  • Natural Gas
  • Emeralds
  • Copper
  • Gold
  • Nickel

Official Language

  • Spanish


  • 94.58% literacy rate for adults


  • Sports- Football is surprisingly the most popular sport in Colombia. I would have thought it would be a much less popular sport because of its Native American background.
  • Art- The art in Colombia is influenced by Spanish colonialism, textiles, indigenous art forms, print making, photography, and contemporary painting.
  • Customs- Many people who originate from Colombia may sound like they are getting paid to say good things about a product, but really, this is how much they absolutely love their country.You don't want to say anything bad about Colombia because that would cause the other person to dislike you.
  • Foods- Natilla is a common dessert in Colombia. It is custard-like pudding using corn starch instead of eggs. Quesillos are another common food. They are banana leaves filled with double cream cheese.
  • Music- Cumbia is a popular style of music in Colombia.



  • 401,042 square miles of land area.


  • There are mountains, jungles, rain forests, plateaus, valleys, and rivers.

Political Borders

  • Venezuela
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Ecuador
  • Brazil

Physical Borders

  • Tropical beaches line the north and west.
  • Deserts line the north.
  • Vast grasslands (called Los Llanos) line the east.

Historical Highlights

Major Historical Periods or Movements

  • The Colombian War of Independence was a war against the Spanish royalists. Colombia didn't want to be ruled by Spain any longer. A Venezuelan war chief named Simon Bolivar lead the final fight which gained Colombia its freedom.
  • The Colombian Civil War has been going on for a long time. It has constantly been on or off since 1860. It will hopefully end soon so that the residents can go on with their normal lives without worrying about war.
  • The Thousand Years War was a war lasting from 1899 to 1902. The war did not actually last 1,000 days. It was between the liberals and the conservatives.

Important Historical Events

  • Venezuela and Ecuador split off from Gran Colombia become independent states in 1829-1830. What was left of Gran Colombia (Colombia and Panama) was entitled Nueva Granada

Notable People

  • Simon Bolivar was a Venezuelan war chief. He accomplished many things in his lifetime. He was president of Gran Colombia from 1819-1830 and dictator of Peru from 1823-1826. He lived from 1783-1830. If not for him Colombia would not be a free country now.
Simon Bolivar

Contemporary Issues

Social and Political Issues

  • Poverty, Inequality, and Drugs are a huge struggle in Colombia. They are one of the biggest producers of drugs, but all of the growing is done illegally. Groups of people provide protection and machinery for mining for these drugs. Colombia's president Juan Manuel Santos has spent billions of dollars on the attempt to stop all of the drug business going on.

Environmental and Economic Struggles

  • Endangered Species is one of Colombia's major problems. By 2001, 543 species of animal became endangered. There are also some extinct animals including the Caribbean monk seal and the Colombian grebe.


  • Vega, Photograph By Pablo Corral, Photograph By Meredith Davenport, Photograph By Sam Abell, Dreamstime Photograph by Javarman, Photograph By James P. Blair, and National Geographic Maps. "Colombia Country Profile - National Geographic Kids." Kids' Games, Animals, Photos, Stories, and More. 21 Mar. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • "Poverty, Inequality and Drugs in Colombia." Poverty, Inequality and Drugs in Colombia. Web. 12 Feb. 2017. <>.
  •, Klaus Kästle -. "___ Colombia." Colombia - Country Profile - Nations Online Project. Web. 10 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • Https:// "After Years of Stoking Colombia's Civil War, Washington Is Now Trying to Hijack the Peace Deal." The Nation. N.p., 26 Sept. 2016. Web. 07 Feb. 2017.
  • "Colombia Terrain." Colombia Terrain - Geography. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • "Typical Colombian Food." Colombia Food, Typical Colombian Meals and Desserts. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • "Colombian Music - Colombian Singers | Don Quijote." DonQuijote. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • "About Colombia." Colombian Music, Art, Literature - Friends of FANA - Washington, DC. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • "Guide To Colombia - Etiquette, Customs, Culture & Business." Guide To Colombia - Etiquette, Customs, Culture & Business | Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • Http:// "What Was the Thousand Days' War?" Education. N.p., 11 Sept. 2014. Web. 07 Feb. 2017.
  • "Timeline: Key Events in Colombia." Timeline: Key Events in Colombia. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • Masur, Gerhard Straussmann. "Simon Bolivar." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 21 July 2016. Web. 12 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • "Colombia - Environment." Environment - Colombia - Problem, Issues, Area, Farming. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • Rate Limited. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • "Poplular Sports." ...Off2Colombia. Web. 10 Feb. 2017. <>.
  • Kline, Harvey F., and Clemente Garavito. "Colombia." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 02 Feb. 2017. Web. 10 Feb. 2017. <>.
Created By
Anitra Taylor


Created with images by Free Grunge Textures - - "Colombia Grunge Flag" • Luz Adriana Villa A. - "Puertas de Cartagena" • Schnauzer - "colombia coffee cup" • FerGarciaPhoto - "The Hood" • Cris Valencia - "Risaralda, Colombia"

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