Southern Africa Pages 337-396

Landforms and Bodies of Water

  • Southern Africa is bordered by the Indian Ocean on the east and the Atlantic Ocean on the west.
  • Angola and South Africa are each nearly the size of Western Europe and are the continent's seventh- and ninth- largest countries, respectively.
  • The country of Madagascar occupies the world's fourth largest island, also called Madagascar.


  • The northern plateaus extend from Malawi across Zambia and Angola.
The northern plateaus
  • The Kalahari Desert is a vast, sand-covered plateau that sits some 3,000 feet above sea level.
The Kalahari Desert
  • The Darkensberg mountains parallel to the Indian Ocean for some 700 miles.
The Darkensberg Mountains next to the Indian Ocean

Bodies of Water

  • The Zambia River
Here we see the Zambia River
  • The Limpopo River
This is the Limpopo River
  • The Orange River is Southern Africa's second longest river.
Here is on example of the Orange River
As you can see here is a more elevated picture of the Orange River.
Question - Which type of land form is common in Southern Africa

Climate-Tropical Zone

  • The Tropic of Capricorn crosses the middle of Southern Africa.
Here is the Tropic of Capricorn.
  • The Springs of Angola is humid.
Angola in the spring what a wonderful thing.

Temperature Zones

  • Much of South Africa have moderate, or extreme temperature.
South Africa's Climate
  • Annual rainfall varies from 8 inches to 24 inches.
Rainfall occuring

Desert Regions

  • Western South Africa is very arid.
Here we see Western South Africa.
  • In inland areas of the Namib Desert, temperatures are hotter with summer highs of from the upper 80 to more than 100 degrees F.
This is one example of the Namib Desert.
Question-Why are temperatures in Southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?
Because of winds and, because the annual rainfall is commonly 70 inches.

Natural Recources

Question-What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?
Platinum, chromium, gold, diamonds, coal, iron ore, uranium, cooper. These are important because they have attracted many investments.

South Africa's Recources

  • They have some of the largest mineral reserves.
Here is one of there largest minerals that is reserved.
  • Their large mineral reserves, it attracts lots of new investments.
People investing in South Africa's Mineral Reserves.

Energy Resources

  • South Africa burns coal as an energy recourse, it also produces most of the electric power.
Here you can see an example of coal being burned for electric power.
  • The regions rivers are also another resource for providing power.
Here is a very good example of South Africa's rivers providing power.

Minerals and Other Resources

  • South Africa's country of Zambia is one of Africa's richest in mineral resources.
  • Mozambique has the world's largest supply of rare materials such as tantalite.


  • Southern Africa has a large variety of animal life such as, wildebeests, lions, zebras, and giraffes.
Here are two of South Africa's animals of many.
Question - "How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?"
Deforestation allows more sediment to enter the rivers, which reduces the water flow and electricity that the rivers produce.

History of Southern Africa - Rise of Kingdoms

  • Southern Africa's indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years.
Here are some of South Africa's indigenous people.

Great Zimbabwe

  • Around the year A.D. 900 the Shona people built a wealthy and powerful kingdom.
  • Great Zimbabwe was the largest of many similar cities throughout the region.


Created with images by yeniguel - "meerkat meercat scharrtier" • nunobranco - "okapi africa angola" • stweyer - "desert namibia kalahari desert"

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