Fusion City Rising Energy from fusion

Within the past 150 years humans have adapted and created new technologies faster than any point in our history, and it is especially noticeable within the last 40 years. These technologies range from the spectrum of simple entertainment so advanced super computers that are able to predict where and when to land a probe into an astroid or meteor. With these technologies out lifespan has significantly improved and has people living in there 80s and 90s with the the aid of modern medicene, and has also increased our total population to an immense 7 billion people. While this is great and outstanding, there comes challenges to sustain such a size with the same energy source so now engineers and scientists are trying to solve a 'grand challenge': trying to create a limitless energy source with little to no waste. Their best chance at this is creating energy from fusion.

"What is fusion?", you might ask. While we have nuclear fission, which is the process of splitting an atom to create a mass amount of energy, fusion is exactly opposite. This requires atoms to fuse to create another bigger atom, and the result is a massive release of energy which is what scientists and engineers are trying to sustain. The problem that is being faced is that fusion naturally happens on the sun, with temperatures reaching 100 million degrees Celsius, causing the atoms to fuse due to the incredible amount of heat. This is one of the problems that modern scientists and engineers are attempting to solve along with sustaining the heat, and transferring the energy from heat to electricity.

Not all hope is lost for this effecient energy source though. While it is almost impossible for the earth to produce this sort of heat naturally, scientist and engineers are creating different methods and structures to achieve this. They achieve this by heating hydrogen molecules and accelerating their speed to reach a point where it is "super heated", and goes through another phase of matter: plasma. With the hydrogen in its plasma phase and it further being accelerated it is able to achieve the 100 million degrees that happens constantly on the sun. With this though, a waste product is created which isn't actually waste, but more fuel to the fire, which is tritium. With this constant reproduction of tritium fusion is able to keep itself going and because of this is more efficient and safer than nuclear fission. If the fusion was able to sustain itself for a certain amount of time, the total population of the earth would have a limitless energy source, and would be astonishingly inexpensive to get the fuel for it because both deuterium and tritium are found in sea water.

There are many challenges persisting with fusion, like initially starting the fusion, a structure which can keep the heat tans the speed sustainable, and how would we be able to make it available to the mass majority of the population on this planet. With each and every day, scientists and engineers are getting closer to a solution to this grand challenge. For example in o e of the nuclear fusion plants in North Korea, they have broken the world record for the longest fusion on Earth, which is a little over two minutes. With this small but significant step, we are closer to a clean, sustainable, efficient, and safe energy source accessible to all. In addition to this, maybe one day the majority of the human population's energy needs will be powered by water, and that would have a definite change on this planets' health.

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