WaterAid is a water and sanitation international nonprofit organisation which is designed to change the lives of the disadvantaged people by improving access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene. A report by WaterAid in 2016, announced that India has the highest number of people in the world without access to reliable drinking water. WaterAid stated that around 5% (75.8 million) of the population does not have access to clean water, used for daily activities including cooking, drinking, showering, washing and gardening, actions millions of people take for granted. An article created in 2015 also stated that over 21% of India's diseases are water-related and that over five hundred children under the age of five die each day from diarrhoea and around 37.7 million Indians are affected by water-related diseases annually. These deaths alone cost around $600 million each year. This shocking number is due to the inadequate access to water equipment which purifies the drinking water. The government, however, has implemented countless programs to supply secure drinking water to the rural areas in India. These programs are estimated to cost around $105 billion to provide safe drinking water for people living in urban and rural India. WaterAid estimated that by 2020, India will become a water stressed nation as the nation will lack overall long-term availability of renewable water resources.
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A map of India showing the growing water risks
WelloWater is an organisation with the primary goal being "to deliver clean water to a thirsty world". Cynthia, the founder of Wello, created the Water Wheel to support women and children living in India that significantly struggle with delivering water to their families. The organisation creates and distributes inexpensive products which aim to save a large amount of time and increase opportunities for families living in India who lack access to water. The video below describes that Indian women and children must travel appropriately 8 kilometres and during the summer time, they walk roughly double or triple this amount to access reliable drinking water. The video also states that 25% of a woman's and child's day is spent collecting water for the family which means that children are unable to attend school and women are unable to create a stable income for the family. However, with the invention of the water wheel it halfs the amount of time spent collecting water and allows for three to five times more water to be transported in one trip. The wheel is able to carry 50 litres of water that allows people to roll the water rather than carrying it on top of their heads. The invention of the water wheel and other similar inventions significantly reduces the time spent transporting water.
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Find more about the importance of the Wello Water Wheel below