The Indian Wars

Causes of the Indian Wars

The Indian Wars were caused by the government trying to restrict the movements of the Native Americans. When the gold rush started it was on the new Indian lands, so setterlers felt like they had the given right to impose on their land. In their minds it was a better use of the land so theirfor okay to do. The native people got angry because the setterlers were trying to take their land and intruding on their sacred spots. The government noticed this and decided to creat restrictions to where the nomadic people could go by creating treaty's and Native American reservations. After some time people began to steal reserved land, kill animals, change the courses of their water supplies, and lastly attack the Indian camps. The Native Americans then had had enough and declared the setterlers as well as the government their enemies. This caused many conflicts and eventually led to the wars.

The Battles In OrdeR

  1. The Sand Creek Massacre, November 29, 1864 in Colorado Territory
  2. The Battle of Little Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876 in Bug Horn Country, Montana
  3. The Battle of Wounded Knee, December 29,1890, In the Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation

Sand creek mass

The Cheyenne was in control of the central plains and parts of the Colorado territory, so eventually the Colorado governor took advantage of the peace campaign that the Cheyenne chief Black Kettle led, so on November 29, 1864 John Chivington saw his chance to finally get his victory against the Cheyenne. Chivington lordered 700 men to enter the Cheyenne and Arapaho territories. While Black Kettle tried to show the men that they were going to surrender, Chivingtons men killed between 150 and 500 people. They mostly killed the women and children because they had the least defense. As an effect of this many of the Cheyenne Natives moved into the protected reservations.

Battle of little bIgheorn

The Battle of Bighorn was a Native American victory and is commonly known as the “Custer’s Last Stand”. The battle was between the U.S. Cavalry and northern tribe Indians. The tribes were the Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho. The Suess land was protected by the treaty that included the Black Hills and the pine cover mountains in South Dakota and Wyoming in territories. In 1870 for the government sent Lieutenant Colonel George to investigate rumors of gold in the Black Hills. He found large amounts of gold, so when the news got out it started a mining race to take over the region. When the government tried to buy the Black Hills and the Sioux Chiefs got mad. In June of 1876 Custer got sent Indians but when he went to the Big Horn River he was met with nearly 2,000 Sioux warriors. The group of warriors were the largest Indian force to ever gather on the plains. Within a short amount of time the Indian force killed Custer and his 200 men. When the news got back to the people of America, they were stunned by the fact the native Americans could win. The army later forced the Sioux back into their reservation.

The Battle at woUnded knee

This battle took place in 1890 and was one of the last major battle to take place in the Indian Wars. The profit of the plains told the people that their traditional life would return if they performed purification ceremony such as the ghost dance what does a virtual were people joined hands and world and a circle. The ghost ants became very popular among the sooth who were still struggling to adjust into reservation life. People around the area heard that the Indians were becoming restless so a government agent at Pineridge reservation in South Dakota created an army to convert the dancers in the snow. With intentions to calm the crisis Indian police officers tried to arrest Sitting Bull. He hesitated and the officers shot and killed him. His his followers surrendered and were sent to the Wounded Knee Creek. As the Indians were being checked for weapons, someone fired a shot so the soldiers open fire killing. They killed more then 200 Sioux which consisted of men, women, and children.

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.