Causes of the Indian Wars
The Indian Wars were caused by the government trying to restrict the movements of the Native Americans. When the gold rush started it was on the new Indian lands, so setterlers felt like they had the given right to impose on their land. In their minds it was a better use of the land so theirfor okay to do. The native people got angry because the setterlers were trying to take their land and intruding on their sacred spots. The government noticed this and decided to creat restrictions to where the nomadic people could go by creating treaty's and Native American reservations. After some time people began to steal reserved land, kill animals, change the courses of their water supplies, and lastly attack the Indian camps. The Native Americans then had had enough and declared the setterlers as well as the government their enemies. This caused many conflicts and eventually led to the wars.
The Battles In OrdeR
- The Sand Creek Massacre, November 29, 1864 in Colorado Territory
- The Battle of Little Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876 in Bug Horn Country, Montana
- The Battle of Wounded Knee, December 29,1890, In the Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Sand creek mass
The Cheyenne was in control of the central plains and parts of the Colorado territory, so eventually the Colorado governor took advantage of the peace campaign that the Cheyenne chief Black Kettle led, so on November 29, 1864 John Chivington saw his chance to finally get his victory against the Cheyenne. Chivington lordered 700 men to enter the Cheyenne and Arapaho territories. While Black Kettle tried to show the men that they were going to surrender, Chivingtons men killed between 150 and 500 people. They mostly killed the women and children because they had the least defense. As an effect of this many of the Cheyenne Natives moved into the protected reservations.