The Romans wanted their art and architecture to be useful. They planned their cities and built bridges, and marketplaces, apartment houses, and harbors.
The early Romans adopted culture from their neighbors, the Greeks, and Etruscan, in particular.
Latin and Greek were the languages of the Rome. Rome survived because of Mediterranean sea.
They were homeless because the rich people took their farms and houses. Ancient Rome was a man's world. In politics, society and the family, men held both the power and they even decided whether a baby would live or die.
The Romans culture spread around the world quickly and a lot of people adopted to it. we still have Colosseum and water, and sewers to drain it. They spoke Latin and Greek.