The National Republic of Colombia Danielle Cahue, Kendall Schlegel, Juliana Wallace, Nataly Zeas

Flag

The Flag of Colombia is half yellow and half red and blue. It was adopted November 26th, 1861.

Independence

Colombia won its Independence on July 10, 1810 from Spain following the continued oppression by the Spanish on its colonial holdings.

Government

The current Colombian government is a Unitary, Presidential, Constitutional Republic. Its current President is Juan Manuel Santos

Language

The official language of Colombia is Spanish. Along with 65 Amerindian Languages, 2 Creole Languages and a Romani languages.

Religion

The main religion of Colombia is Roman Catholicism.

Cities

The capital of Colombia is Bogota. Its estimated population is 6.7 million. Other cities in Colombia include Medellin, Cartagena and Cali with populations hovering in the 2 million range.

Population

The overall population of Colombia is around 47.12 million people.

Ethnic Groups

The largest ethnic group in Colombia is Mestizo, a mix of Spaniard and Indian descent. Mulattoes are a mix of European and African descent.

Currency

Colombia uses the Colombian Peso which has an exchange rate of $2,857 COP to $1 USD

GDP

Colombia's Gross Domestic Product in 2013 was $378.4 Billion USD.

Natural Resources

Colombia has large deposits of gold, silver, nickel, iron ore, platinum, emeralds, oil, natural gas, and coal deposits.

Food

Traditional Dishes of Colombia include arroz con coco, a rice dish cooked in coconut milk with coconut flakes, ajiaco, a chicken and potato soup, and bandeja paisa a rice, bean and meat dish.

Relation with the United States

Colombia is one of seven countries that the United Nations has identified as major future food exporters. Just about any crop, from broccoli to mangoes, is grown somewhere in Colombia. The U.S. government supports Colombian efforts to transition from conflict towards peace by working in the affected and neglected rural areas of Colombia.

Famous Celebrities

Colombia is well known for singers and performers like Shakira, Carlos Vives, Juanes, Sofia Vergara and the infamous drug lord Pablo Escobar

Important Celebrations

The Carnaval de Barranquilla is celebrated the Saturday, Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday, before Ash Wednesday. This is Colombia's most important folkloric celebration, and one of the biggest carnivals in the world. The Battle of the Flowers is a traditional float parade. There is a six-hour show of floats led by the Carnival Queen. This includes folk dances, musicians, dance groups, costumed groups, marchers, disguises and fire breathers.

The Manizales Fair takes place on January 6-13. It well known for hosting beauty pageants to compete for the title “coffee queen” and for its best bullfighters.

The black and white festival is celebrated from 2nd to 7th January of each year. It is the largest carnival celebration in Southern Colombia. It showcases a mixture of indigenous Colombian, Spanish, and Afro-Colombian traditions

Tourist Attraction

El Museo de Oro is located in Bogota. It is one of the largest tourists attractions. The Museum receives around 500,000 tourists per year.

Current Events

On November 28th, 2016 a plane carrying most of the members of the Chaperones futbol team crashed into a hillside near medellin, colombia killing 71 of the passengers onboard

Credits:

Created with images by George Donnelly - "Colombia Flag Flying in Cartagena" • Bryan Pocius - "Colombian Flag" • Ministerio TIC Colombia - "Presidente Juan Manuel Santos en Presentación de logros sector TIC" • momentcaptured1 - "Socorro - city church" • Lablascovegmenu - "Coconut rice pudding - Arroz con leche de coco" • uncorrectedproofs - "bandeja paisa." • @ Ferchos04 - V.2.0 - "Ajiaco Santafereño casero"

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