Mongolia By: LIly Keller

Relative Location: Mongolia is located in both the eastern and western hemispher. It's border are between Russia and China.

Exact Location: Mongolias capital is Ulaanbaatar (47, 55 N) (106, 54 W)

Mongolia is very diverse with many different types of physical features. They have the Gobi Desert in the south and the mountains Nayramadlin Origil at 14,350 feet. They are also home to one of Asia's largest fresh water lakes called Lake - Hovsgol Nuur.

Mongolia is bright with they're art. The use of nature and horses in music is very popular. Their national instrument is the Morin Khuur which is used like a drum. And their national dance is the Bielgee.

The national religion of Mongolia is Buddhism. Buddhism came from Tibet in the 16th century (monks), and there are over 100 Buddhist temples in Mongolia, but there are also 70 christians churches that came in the 1990's.

Mongolia is very unhappy with their government as of now, as they consider corrupt. Yet they are holding a parliamentary election on June 29.

Mongolia is considered a democracy, but they are trying to make a transition in the government.

Daily Life:

When you talk with others, they hold respect and good manners very highly, but if you talk about an accident or misfortunes it is considered bad luck.

Clothing:

The main clothing they use is the deel for festivals and such.

Language:

Mongolian is their main and national language.

Cuisine:

The most common rural dish is cooked mutton, they also make buuz (dumpling filled with meat), and on a special occasion deboned goat called marmot.

Natural Resources:

Most of their natural resources come form mining. They mostly mine copper, gold, coal, and tin. 46% of their natural resources are from mining. Some of their other natural resources is the forests and fish.

Challenges:

Some challenges Mongolia faces is they hace a "weak score" in safety and quality contorols for mining. They should also be careful on how much wood they use from their forests, although so far they are doing fine with 9.6% of their nation being covered in forests.

Visiting:

There are many different forests you can see and you can try all the different kinds of fish they fish for there and try out something new! Mining should not interfere with your visitation so have a wonderful time!

Transportation:

Some do they're main types of transportation are railways (Tran- Mongolian Railway) especially for mining and transporting resources. They also have some roads, but when it gets cold there and the lakes freeze over, they will travel across the lakes.

Immigration:

There is not a whole lot of migration in Mongolia, yet Mongolia is one of the few devolving countries that immigration to rural countries is bigger than immigration to the cities. Last year that was 0% of refugees, there have been no cases of immigrants coming to Mongolia, and the people whom already live in Mongolia rarely leave their country.

Ulaanbaatar is the capital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar is surrounded by the Tuul River Valley. Mongolia is landlocked with the Gobi Desert, and mountains surrounding it with many lakes.

Current News:

January 2017: Mongolia herders are no longer in the rural areas, but they are all moving to the cities. All of they're crops and herds are dying to a harsh disastrous cold winter. Over 50 million livestocks have died. Besides that with the coming summer, it makes it harder to grow crops in the harsh heat. Hundereds of thousands herders have been forced to move out of their homes to the growing cities.

Trafficking:

Although Mongolia is anti-trafficking there is still many cases of trafficking. Whether it is prostitution, or they are forced to mine, make steel, or fish there is still a lot of trafficking in Mongolia. Just be careful on what you buy and see if you can tell where it comes from.

Sources:

"​Traditional Music & Songs." Discover Mongolia Travel Guide - Travel to Mongolia. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

"Asia/." World Atlas - Maps, Geography, Travel. N.p., 13 July 2016. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

Key to Mongolia. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

"Mongolia." Natural Resource Governance Institute. N.p., 01 Apr. 2016. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

"Mongolia - Natural Resources." Mongolia - Natural Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

Kingsley, Patrick, and David Levene. "Nomads No More: Why Mongolian Herders Are Moving to the City." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 05 Jan. 2017. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

"Mongolia." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

"Mongolia." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations. Encyclopedia.com, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by bdearth - "Mongolian flag" • canada-mongolia - "mongolia_maps" • ya_mayka - "mongolia desert gobi" • jungle_group - "Forest" • xusenru - "mining excavator electric bucket-wheel excavator" • Unsplash - "solitude winter landscape mountains" • rabiem22 - "My Sheep Hear My Voice"

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