Chapter 11

The Cell Cycle: A series of events from the time a cell forms until its cytoplasm divides. The four main parts of the cell Cycle are cell division(includes 5 main parts), G1 phase, S phase, and G2 phase.

Interphase: The time between mitotic divisions when a cell grows. A typical cell spends majority of its life in this phase. The three main stages in interphase are: G1, S, and G2. The G1 stage has cell growth, The S stage produces DNA synthesis, and The G2 stage has checkpoints.

Prophase: aka the first stage of mitosis. The chromosomes further condense, one of the two centrosomes moves to the opposite side of the cell, microtubules assemble and form a spiritual, the nuclear envelope breaks up, and the sister chromatids are attached to the opposite centrosomes

Metaphase: The second stage of Mitosis. In this stage all the chromosomes are aligned midway between the spindle poles.

Anaphase: 3rd stage of mitosis. Sister chromatids separate and move toward opposite spindle poles.

Telophase: The final stage of Mitosis. In this stage chromosomes arrive at opposite spindle poles and decondense, as a result two nuclei form.

Telomere: A noncoding repeat of DNA sequences (repeated thousands of times) found at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Telomeres keep uncontrolled cells from overrunning the body.

Cancer: express high levels of telomerase. The disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body.

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