Adolf Hitler The Dreamer, The LeadeR, The Killer -by Katie Rueff

The Beginning in Braunau, Austria

How did the most vicious, cruel, ruthless man come to power? The answer lies in his childhood in the small town of Braunau, Austria. Adolf Hitler (as baby in background picture) was born on April 20, 1889 to Klara and Alois Hitler, he became the first in six children to survive past the age of two. Hitler had a very disappointing childhood. Although he got above average grades in school, he was always lonely and was constantly abused by his father at home. Hitler lived with his four siblings, his aunt, and his parents.

This cramped family moved constantly through Austria, flourishing on Alois' (left painting) generous pension from being a civil servant to the Austrian government for forty-five years. Adolf Hitler never wanted to become what his father was and instead wished to pursue a career in art. To do this, he would have to get into a Gymnasium (which would focus in the arts). Of course his father was against this and forced him into a Realschule (which focused in math and technology). Hitler was against this, and to prove to his dad that this wasn't the right decision, he started failing certain classes which he wouldn't need in order to be an artist.

All of a sudden, his father fell ill and died. Now, Hitler could pursue his career in art, but instead of taking the entry exam for a Gymnasium he traveled to Vienna using his mother's money with his friend August who had similar passions. Hitler visited many operas and spent all of his time doing recreational activities, never once taking on a job. About a year later, to Hitler's chagrin, his mother (painting right) died of breast cancer.

Hitler's struggles in Vienna

Suddenly, Adolf Hitler was an orphan, living off a small amount of money yet still refusing to work. He was now skipping meals just so he could visit operas and have fun. He took the entry exam for the Academy of Fine Art, an extremely prestigious Gymasium. He passed the first exam but failed the second. He would try one more time but fail.

Hitler became homeless from his lack of work. Although he tried to stay on the move, for he was running from the authorities for illegally selling watercolor postcards (such as one in backgroundpicture), he ended up in homeless shelters at times. This made Hitler feel that he was leading a terrible life. He thought that if he went to Germany he would suddenly live better. So, on one silent night, Hitler crossed the border in order to escape the police and live a better life.

A new life in munich

Hitler's new life in Munich, Germany wasn't much better than life in Vienna. He continued to be homeless and live off of the money he received from his paintings. Eventually, Hitler was captured by the police for crossing borders and selling paintings illegally. He was almost thrown in jail, but fortunately for Hitler, he was able to weasel out of any punishment and wasn't even deported back to Austria.

World war i

Then, World War I started on July 28, 1914. Many in Germany, especially Hitler (bottom left in picture) were more than thrilled to fight for their "fatherland". Hitler had dreamed of being a soldier since he was a child, and now he would be able to prove his loyalty to his new home, Germany. Hitler eagerly requested entry into the army when Germany joined the war, fighting with Austria. In a mere two weeks, Hitler became Private Hitler of the 16th Bavarian Rescue Infantry Regiment. No one even questioned his citizenship.

Hitler was a respectable soldier. Although no one considered him a friend, they did note that he was extremely loyal and brave, willing to fight at any time. At one point, a small terrier wandered into camp, and to the surprise of all watching, Hitler won its heart and named it Fox. Fox stayed by Hitler's side throughout Hitler's time deannouncing Jews by delivering anti-communist and anti-Jewish speeches to all who would listen.

Fox was eventually stolen while Hitler was in Germany after being shot. While he rested, Hitler's hate for Jews grew, and his ambition for a pure Germany flourished. When Hitler was sent out again, he continued not to smoke, or drink beer, or talk and show any interest whatsoever in women.

Then, a year before World War I ended, Hitler (posing in background picture) was attacked and temporarily blinded. This ended his time in the military. Months later, from his hospital bed, Hitler watched as his government leaders signed the Treaty of Versailles which brought an end to World War l and put all of Germany into financial ruin. Protests arose everywhere. New groups began, all against both the government and the financial status quo. Like many other former soldiers, Hitler felt like a persona non grata. Although he continued to talk about the terrible communists and Jews to anyone who would listen, he didn't feel as though he truly belonged in society. Then hope arose.

Hitler joins the nazis

Hitler (giving speech in background picture) was offered to go back into the army and spy on some of these new organizations' meetings and report what they said. Hitler's mission was to spy on the meetings of the National Socialist German Worker's Party. Just like Hitler, this party believed that communists and Jews were trying to sabatoge the German government. Hitler grew to enjoy participating and giving speeches to this small party. He was also asked to join since, due to his speeches, more and more people were joining the party. Eventually, Hitler quit the army and joined the National Socialist German Worker's Party which was shortened to the Nazi Party.

When Hitler joined the Nazis, they were a small, insignificant party with only a handful of members. As Hitler continued to give more and more speeches about the evilness of Jews and communists, more people came and the amount of members skyrocketed. The party grew to power with Hitler as its leader and as its members grew so did the amount of opposers. With this new threat, Hitler decided to use the soldiers from his time in the army as a body guard system known as the Sturmabteilung (SA or Stormtroopers). The SA unit encircled Hitler at all times, especially when he was giving out his famous speeches, such as the one below.

The beer hall putsch

Hitler (giving speech in background picture) had long ago decided that the government was made up of communists and that they should be overthrown. Consequently, in 1924, Hitler called the senators of Germany to the Beer Hall along with thousands of his followers. Hitler wished to accomplish a putsch. Therefore, after giving a "quick" two hour long speech, he spoke to the senators and requested they peacefully hand over command to him or he would use force. He failed at overthrowing the government and was arrested by the German police for treason. Many assumed that this marked the end for Hitler's career, but on the contrary it started it.

Hitler's trial was exactly that, his own trial. He could do whatever he wanted due to the judge being a Nazi sympathizer. Hitler cross examined witnesses and interrupted whomever he pleased, but he took full responsibility for trying to overthrow the government by depicting himself as a German patriot trying to help his country. He even said, "I alone bear the responsibility. But I am not a criminal because of that. If today I stand here as a revolutionary, it is as a revolutionary against the revolution. There is no such thing as high treason against the traitors of 1918." Although he was found guilty of treason and sentenced to five years in prison, he was extremely popular due to all the press that covered the trial.

Jail

Hitler's time in prison was spent brooding over the Jews. Hitler gave speech after speech to his guards and fellow inmates who would eventually follow him. He also began to write a book titled Mien Kampf (My Struggle, book in background picture). Meanwhile, outside of jail, the Nazi party began to deteriorate in Hitler's absence. It would continue to do so because Hitler had also been banned from giving any speeches in public due to the government's fear that Hitler would successfully overthrow them.

Hitler was able to leave jail early, in December 1924 where he then faced a much less chaotic country, one that the Nazis could not rise to power in. The German economy had begun to thrive again. This didn't stop Hitler. He continued to share his ideas and think about a pure nationalist country. He had to make his party stronger.

The great depression

Suddenly, 1930 crashed down upon Germany, sweeping up the nation's money and leaving poor citizens in its path. This had been the opportunity that Hitler (holding railing as he delivers a speech), now able to speak in public again, had been waiting for. He used the people's anger and sorrow by turning it against all communists and Jews. By doing so, he legally reeled in thousands more members. As what happened previously, the sufferings that the German citizens faced lead to an uprising in speeches from Hitler and members in the Nazis.

The country continued to grow more desperate, and the Nazis continued to gain popularity. In the 1930's pole, they had gained 6 million votes and became second in the jumble of parties squabbling for power above all others for most seats in the cabinet, part of German government.

Campaigning

When 1932 rolled around, the presidential spot became open, and Hitler decided to run against Paul von Hindenburg (in phtoto right shaking hands with Hitler left) who at the time was 85 and who had also spent the last seven years (at least) being Germany's president.

Hitler campaigned brutally, while Hindenburg restricted himself to a few radio speeches. Hitler visited places in all of Germany giving speech after speech. He gave a few announcements over the radio. Surprisingly, although Hitler gained 36.8% of the votes, he still lost to Hindenburg.

As the presidential campaign went on, the Depression continued to become more violent. Outbursts on the streets became common, and by 1932 there were over 6 million unemployed Germans who flocked to Hitler, wanting something to blame their anger on. Nazi party meetings grew increasingly more violent. Every time, the SA fought against the police.

As this was going on, President Hindenburg was given the troubling task of choosing a chancellor who would have power over him and the entire Reichstag. Although Hitler was more than willing and popular enough to become chancellor, Hindenburg wanted nothing to do with him. As a result, after much consideration, on May 31, 1932 Franz von Papen became chancellor of Germany.

The nazis dominate

Meanwhile, Hitler (delivering speech in front of thousands of people) continued to help his party rise. Violent murders and outbursts during his speeches became common while his own personal life became lost. "The Party is Hitler and Hitler is the Party," stated Rudolf Hess. Although he didn't have much time for a personal life, he got the chance to meet Eva Braun. He didn't do much to show his affection, but he would send her flowers occasionally and try and spend time with her.

Hitler and his party continued to campaign and steadily rise to become the most popular party in Germany. With this going on, Papen realized that he had no government support for they were all focused on Hitler and his party. At this point, Papen realized that Hitler should be given a position of leadership. He offered Hitler an opportunity to become vice-chancellor. Hitler refused saying he wanted either supreme power or no power. The Nazi press then proceeded to turn against Papen for refusing to let Hitler become chancellor. The government Nazis also turned against him, and Papen was forced to resign and name Hitler as his successor.

Hitler becomes chancelor

On January 30, 1933, just four days and a year, after Hindenburg had promised never to allow Hitler to become chancellor, it happened. This day would mark the day Hitler rose to power and started to change the world forever. All that Hitler and his party had done up to this point was just a sample of what was to come in the next two decades. The SA and the SS (Hitler youth army) would become stronger and more violent. The amount of deaths in Germany would skyrocket, and most importantly another World War would start, soon after the last one ended. "The German revolution has begun," wrote Joseph Gobbels, Hitler's closest adviser and friend, in his diary later the same day.

In the beginning Hitler (at the very front of large crowd in background picture, delivering a speech) was extremely curtious to the other cabinet members. Then suddenly, he spoke out and convinced President Hindenburg to overthrow the Reichstag which would leave Hindenburg able to change or create any law he wanted to. This began Hitler's rise to government power. He took over all meetings. He blamed the Communists for the burning of a Reichstag building, even after the arsonist claimed himself as a non-Communist. This didn't stop Hitler. To prevent future "Communist" outbursts, he forced Hindenburg to remove all citizens of their right to assemble and their freedom of speech. Next, Hitler convinced the Reichstag to pass the Enabling Act which would give the cabinet complete authority over making the laws without permission from the Reichstag for four years.

This law, passed on March 23, 1933, evidentially gave all power to Hindenburg and Hitler. With his new power, Hitler immediately eliminated all labor unions, named Goebbels as the new propaganda minister, and shut down all press except the ones Goebbels approved. Hitler began to enforce legalism by making sure his police force, the Gestapo, arrested anyone who challenged or was even suspected of challenging the government. As a result, the prisons became packed, and the Nazis built many reeducation camps through out Germany to solve this. Hitler also took advantage by overpowering Germany's military even though that completely violated the Treaty of Versailles which clearly stated what the new boundaries of Germany were and how much power the German military could have.

By this point Hitler was really pushing the limit to his new power, which was further gained due to Hindenburg's failing health. From Hitler's actions, although very few could see it, a revolution was taking place. The German citizens were blind to this by parades, the first super highway being built, the nation's infrastructure beginning to thrive, and government money being used to help spread the Nazi ideology. From this, the Germans grew to trust Hitler and so, when he started taking action to make Germany a pure Nazi country, they approved and supported him.

Htler's actions against Jews

Just two months after Hitler was announced Führer (leader) of Germany he stripped Jews (one of which is seen sweeping up the glass from his window) of their citizenship and restricted their responsibilities. Jew weren't allowed to hold a government position, Jew lawyers were restricted, Jews weren't allowed to own radios, and Jews were no longer allowed to have a good education. This was just a sample to what was to come in later times.

On August 2, 1934, Hitler's cabinet passed a law declaring that the President and the Chancellor were one sole position, which in moments meant that Hitler was now sole Führer of Germany.

Two years later, to further express his hate for Jews, Hitler had his highest ranking Nazis organize a planned attack against the Jews. They assaulted Jews, arrested them, took them to concentration camps, Jewish stores throughout were destroyed. This day became known as Kristallnacht and made it very clear to all German citizens and the Jews who had been stripped of their citizenship, that Hitler was serious about "purifying" Germany, this resulted in many more Jews fleeing Germany which continued to become extremely difficult to do. Other than "purifying" the German country, Hitler wanted to work on extending the borders of "Greater Germany" and creating more Lebensraum to the east.

Hitler's hunt for land

This would mean he would have to accomplish taking over Poland, Asutria, and the most challenging of all, the Soviet Union. To work on this goal, he greatly expanded his military and set the stage for annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia by occupying the Rhineland (borders France and Belgium but was to remain a demilitarized zone). Hitler (being guarded by members of the SA as he gives a speech) marched 25,000 soldiers across the border, silently on March 7, 1936. Although Hitler and his men had been anticipating a counterattack by the French they met no such thing and were able to completely sieze control of the Rhineland. This became known as the Lightning War because the Germans were met with no counterattack and took control extremely quickly.

In 1938 Hitler prepared an invasion on Austria after countless attempts to encourage the Nazi Austrians to campaign for annexation and after threats using his military. All of this and the threatening war put too much pressure on the Autrian government and finally they were forced to complie. This marked a victory for Adolf Hitler, he had conquered Austria, with no resistance. To celebrate, on March 12, 1938 he crossed the border in his Mercedes to visit his home town, Braunau.

His conquering of Austria had made Hitler feel extremely bold and now only a month and a half later, he was ready to conquer Czechoslovakia, against his generals wishes who were worried that France and Great Britain, who seemed prepared for war, would go to war against Germany. But, Hitler ignored his generals and had them march on. Just as he suspected, France and Great Britain weren't prepared for war and allowed Hitler to seize control of a large part of Czechoslovakia. This, Hitler viewed as a weakness, which only made him feel stronger.

Hitler (giving speech in background picture) was now ready to move on to the third part of his plan. conquering Poland. In September of 1939, Germany declared war on France by attacking and successfully conquering Poland. Germany's army went in with tanks and airplanes, they had conquered most of Poland when suddenly, The Soviet Union swept in and conquered the rest of Poland. The secret was out, much earlier Hitler and the leader of the Soviet Union had made a secret agreement to split Poland. All of these extremely easy victories had left all of Germany proud and trusting in Hitler, even when he made the Polish people suffer.

The jews suffer

Hitler declared all Polish people slaves to their German masters and took away most of their rights. Although the polish people suffered, the Jews suffered more, they were all forced to live in small ghettos with two or three families per ghetto they were also all marked with the star of David which marked them as Jews. For being a Jew, they were given smaller food rations than their "pure" German neighbors. The ghettos eventually became so crowded that thousands of Jews had to be sent to concentration camps in unknown locations. Many of these camps had names which would stay as a representative of the cruelty that happened in them, some of the more famous ones are Auschwitz, Treblinka, and Maidanek. Although Hitler's name was not on any documents which allowed the suffering of the Jews it is assumed that he was responsible due to what he expressed in Mein Kampf.

The winter war

As the torturing of Jews was happening in Germany, Britain sat around waiting for Germany to attack. Many declared that Germany had launched only a phony war and no one was actually going to do anything. In the winter of 1939-1940, bad weather lead to the cancellation of Germany's surprise attack on the low countries (Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg) as well as France. Now that Hitler was unable to invade east he set out for Denmark which his men conquered without a fight. Unfortunately for Germany, as the Nazis continued from the North Sea to Norway they met some resilience and Hitler became worried, luckily the Luftwaffe generals were able to cheer him up and defeat the British by sending a non stop bombing raid which eventually lead to Norway surrendering. Now that Denmark and Norway were being controlled by Germany, Hitler could focus on the west, Belgium and Holland. So, two million soldiers separated into 136 divisions crouched on the border awaiting Hitler's signal.

On May 10, 1940, at dawn, the signal came and the two million soldiers along with 2,500 German war planes flew into Belgium and Holland and destroyed a key Denmark fort. Hitler was ecstatic that his men were doing so well. After this attack, Prime Minister Chamberlin was convinced to resign and in his place, Winston Churchill, a long time hater of the Nazis became Prime Minister. By the end of May, Belgium and Holland had surrendered, along with three french divisions along with the British who had come to their aid were now trapped by the Nazis.

The battle of dunkirk

Then the battle of Dunkirk came along with thousands of German aircrafts who weren't able to successfully keep almost 340,000 British soldiers from escaping safely back to their home town, England. This seemingly simple and easy victory for the British left a foul taste in the German generals' mouths. Yet Hitler (center bottom, walking through Paris) didn't seem to mind, "It is always good to let a broken army return home to show the civilian population what a beating they have had." In saying this it was not clear that he thought of the British as a pure race who deserved greater respect "Our two peoples belong together racially and traditionally," he said to an aide.

Hitler conquers france

As expected, Hitler began conquering France just a few months later on May 10, 1940 and in just four days, Germany now Hitler's attack on Vichy, France had been a surprise and just a few days later, France was forced to surrender. Hitler was also surprised when Mussolini (Italy's leader) declared war on the rest of France to help Germany. Hitler was furious he said "First they were too cowardly to enter the war, now they are in a hurry so they can share the spoils!"

To celebrate his conquering of France, Hitler rode in his fancy Mercedes limousine through Paris to do some sightseeing with his girlfriend Eva Braun. On his tour he passed by the railroad dining car parked near Compiegne where the signing of the Treaty of Versailles took place, he had it put in a museum located right where it was. In a complete reversal of positions, this is where the French surrendered to Hitler. This meant Hitler had achieved another goal, to avenge Germany's previous surrender in 1918. The treaty that Hitler and the French signed declared that Hitler owned half of France which included Paris, while a Nazi supporting government ruled what became known as Vichy (after the government). Vichy promised to give Germany all that they needed in fighting the war, this included forced laborers, food, and other resources.

Operation sea lion

Now, in July 1940, Hitler (giving speech in background picture) had conquered all of Europe's Atlantic coastline from Norway to Spain. He called his idea to conquer England by crossing the channels, "Operation Sea Lion". This he put on stall, while he tried to gain Winston Churchill's friendship. Hitler made many attempts to win over Winston Churchill's friendship because he thought the Britain race was also superior. But, after many futile attempts he could not win Churchill over so he backed off from fear that the U.S. would get involved.

Hitler announces war on England

August 13 came around and Hitler decided to approve an air assault on England, which he hoped would force Great Britain to surrender. For every one plane that the British lost, Germany lost three, they had no hope for daytime raids. So, Germany switched to night time raids which didn't help, Britain continued to win for many days, all thanks to Allen Turring and the rest of his code cracking team. The Bristish began to retailiate by bombing Berlin. Whenever Germany bombed Berlin or some other important British landmark, Britain countered it with more bombings of Berlin which began to grow more and more dangerous. Both sides were bringing each other down, yet somehow both Hitler and Churchill were able to lift their countries' spirits through amazingly positive speeches.

On September 17, Hitler finally realized his side was losing and put a pause on his attack of Great Britain until that spring. Meanwhile, he worked on his alliance with Japan and Italy which he signed a Tripartite Pact with. This pact said that each country would help the other out if it ever declared war on another. With this set aside, Hitler decided that to achieve two of his goals, he would have to attack the Soviet Union, he gave this task to his generals (although they argued against it) telling them they they would begin in May.

Italy v.s. Greece

In the mean time, Hitler (giving speech in background picture) had another problem, Italy lead by Mussolini launched a surprise attack on Greece, and Germany was forced to help. Then they encountered another problem, to reach Greece, the army would have to go through Yugoslavia which eventually resulted in Germany aussulting Yugoslavia and a few days later, Greece. Although Britain sent troops from their bases in Egypt they were no match for both Italy and Germany. The war between Greece and Italy began on April 6, 1941 and ended aprubtly before the end of April, it also pushed the date of Germany's surprise attack on Russia back to June 22 yet Hitler remained content for he and his generals expected the Blitzkrieg to last no more than three months. The generals were so confident that they bought winter clothing for only one in five soldiers.

The surprise attack

Hitler's best friend Rudolf Hess whom he had met in prison felt that Hitler's plan would fail, so he decided to secretly visit England to try and make peace. He failed and became Britain's most famous prisoner of war. Meanwhile, Britain's code crackers had learned that Germany was planning to launch an attack on them on June 22, they tried to warn many Soviet leaders including Stalin but were ignored. Germans felt much pride in all of their victories so it was no surprise that they stood right behind the Fuhrer as the day of invasion neared.

On June 22, at 3a.m. Germany ran across the Russian border, Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union had begun. As expected, the Soviet Premeir, Joseph Stalin was surprised and had his army retreat for the time being. This action brought Great Britain, America, and the Soviet Union to become the Allies. Although his rivals had joined together, Hitler was still confident and on June 23 he left Berlin to travel to Wolf's Lair (his new headquarters) in East Prussia, there he and his generals planned out how the battle would unfold. By this time, German armies were deep into Russia and all seemed well for Germany. Hitler and his generals decided that they would have the German army sweep into the industrial city of Leningrad while another army moved into the most important agricultural region, Ukraine and capture the largest city, Kiev. Then, the central German army would attack the Soviet capital, Moscow. Although Leningrad resisted, Kiev surrendered quickly on September 17, around the time when Hitler had promised his people the battle would be won.

Now Hitler (saluting in background picture) commanded his army to battle into Ukraine and all of the oil rich fields around even after multiple warnings about the upcoming winter from his generals. So, on September 30, the Germans moved in and for awhile it appeared as though they had won. Unfortunately for Germany, Stalin regained control of his army which, along with the freezing rain, sleet, and snow, halted Germany's proceedings.

By December 5, Germany had been driven back to Moscow where the temperature was now negative 31 degrees Fahrenheit. Without winter clothing, housands of German soldiers died, much to Hitler's chagrin.

Pearl harbor

Hope for Hitler arrived on December 7, 1941, at the news that Japan had entered the war by bombing America's Pearl Harbor. Hitler was ecstatic at Japan's entry into the war he said, "Now we have a partner who has not been defeated in three thousand years!" But, he was troubled by the prospect of facing three enemies, America, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain. He debated whether he should or should not help Japan, but in the end, he declared war on the U.S. on December 11, 1941.

Setbacks

News from the German soldiers brought Hitler back to his army, who had been pushed back further due to more troops from Siberia. Many tanks and other field artillery was left behind. Hitler had not been expecting this severe of a setback and although his generals recommended a temporary withdraw, Hitler absolutely refused and instead forced his army to repel and try to move forward as much as possible. This upset many of the generals and as a result, Hitler took over the army.

"The final solution"

The fate of the Jews was finally delt with in January 1942, while the fittest were sent to work in the factories to help Germany, the "extras" were sent to dig a large hole, once they finished, they were shot and after they died, their corpses would fall into the hole. This was the fate of many Jews, but another solution that millions of Jews had to face was being brought into a shower, or what they thought was a shower but instead a gas tank that would kill them in just a few seconds. In March 1942, the first thousands of Jews were deported to Auschwitz where they were gassed to death in the showers and then cremated in large ovens (such as the ones in the background picture). Thus began the infamous Holocaust.

Although Hitler never referred to the plans for the "Final Solution" (Jews subject to this solution lay dead from starvation on the ground) except once, there is evidence that he was behind it and supported it. By spring of 1942, Hundreds of thousands of Germans had either died, or been captured, or had been hurt badly. Hitler fell into a state of depression, moved his hideout underground, and named it Werewolf. At the same time, his generals planned out their summer movements in the front.

The first surrender

The generals and Hitler (posing in background picture) both agreed that they should head for Caucasus for it was rich in oil and would refresh Germany Hitler also wanted his men to push towards Stalingrad (now Volgograd) but his generals warned him that he would be pushing his armies too far. As usual Hitler didn't listen and pushed his army forward while simultaneously trying to reassure the German people by giving out a major speech in Berlin in which he talked about the conquering of Russia and pledged that the German army would soon take Volgograd.

He spoke too soon, his army in the North African front which, lead by Erwin Rommel was supposed to be in Cairo, had met a large counterattack by the British which eventually crushed the German army and Rommel was forced to retreat, right before Hitler told him to hold fast. Hitler was furious, but was too preoccupied with how the capturing of Volgograd was unfolding. Not very well, the Sixth Army at Stalingard even requested a retreat which Hitler quickly vetoed.

Then, on November 22, it got worse. The Soviet Army's ends joined together and trapped over 200,000 German soldiers along with thousands of much needed supplies. Hitler promised that help was on the way, but the Soviets managed to stop most help from coming. Germany's army continued to get little of the much needed support and were completely unprepared when, in January 1943, the Soviets drove the already trapped Sixth Army into an even tighter area. At this time, this army had little to no food and ammunition left. Paulus (the leader of the Sixth Army) made one final request of surrender to Hitler but he refused and ordered Paulus to carry on. To reward Paulus for his steadfastness, he promoted him to field martial.

Unfortunately, before he received it, Paulus awoke on January 31, he found his soldiers surrendering and in doing so, Field Marshal Paulus surrendered as well. At hearing this, Hitler (giving speech in background picture) was furious and took it personally saying that he wouldn't appoint another field marshal in this war again. To cheer up the Germans who had lost so much, Joseph Goebbels announced a three day period of mourning followed by a new campaign slogan, "The Wheels Must Turn Only for Victory!" While his men cheered up Germany, Hitler rode in his luxurious car full of fruits, veggies, pastries, and other hard to get things, to Wolf's Liar.

Hitler's luxurious life

Life couldn't get much more luxurious for Hitler. He would awake in late afternoon, eat a light breakfast and then accompany Eva Braun for lunch, where Hitler would eat a strict vegetarian diet and then doze. Then they would spend some time entertaining with their dogs or going on long walks. This would be followed by dinner, Hitler drinking tea, choosing not to smoke, and having a conversation about anything other then the war.

Even more setbacks

Speaking of war, by the time of mid 1943 it was often impossible to refrain from speaking of war due to the many setbacks that occurred. In July Hitler's army began a fresh attack in Kursk but were immediately driven back by Russia and the severe rain storms.

Meanwhile in Sicily, Hitler's (posing in background picture) troops worked frantically with Italy's troops but to no prevail. By August the Soviet Union had taken most of Sicily. The Axis were beginning to be shut down. German armies were being moved in between fronts which all sorely needed them. Although they fought as best they could, by Ocober 1943, the Allies entered the city of Naples and forced the Germans in Russia to retreat.

The jew's sUffering escalateS

In Germany, air raids had become more frequent and brutal, which brought Hitler's (posing in background picture) mind to the Jews, although he had lost control of the war he hadn't lost control of the Jews. Hitler decided that the killing of Jews had to be stepped up which meant. The ghettos of Minsk and Vilna were liquidated, thousands of Jews were deported to Auschwitz, and by the end of 1943, over 7,000 Jews were being sent to death camps. This brutality was never questioned and no one wondered if the Jews truly deserved this fate. As the death rate of Jews increased, the number of Jews working for the factories and the numbers of soldiers at the front decreased (hundreds of soldiers had to help get the Jews to death camps and back). This lead to a problem which Himmler resolved by declaring that Jews had to be permanently whipped out.

The allies reach France

By Christmas of 1943, the Axis were clearly losing and it didn't get better in 1944. the Allies began an invasion of France which Hitler's army tried to fight off using a new weapon, the V-1 rocket which didn't work as planned.

The plot to kill hitler

In early July, Plots to kill Hitler (giving speech in background picture) began to come into action, one famous attempt was lead by Stauffenburg, one of Hitler's prominent military men, he and the rest of his group decide that after one of their meetings with Hitler, Stauffenburg his a bomb underneath Hitler's chair, then Stauffenburg quietly excused himself from the room and waited for the bomb to go off, which was accidentally moved and as a resul,t Hitler survived and had Stauffenburg and his fellow conspirators shot.

Later in October, Hitler learned that Rommel had been helping in the plot to kill him, so he gave him two choices, either Rommel commit suicide from poison and receive a great funeral with full honors, of be sentenced to death and have his wife and family killed as well. Of course Hommels chose poison but even though he promised, Hitler did not attend his funeral. Then, on August 15, the Allies landed in Southern France where they continued to march closer and closer to Germany, and on September 11, the Allies reached the border, while Paris celebrated its liberation after four years. Also, in the East the Allies had also seized Bulgaria and Romania's oil fields while in the North, they fought through Poland.

The Allies reach prussia

By the end of September, the Allies had reached Prussia and could now potentially harm Wolf's Liar. As this occurred, Goebbels and other Nazi leaders worked as hard as they could to mobolize the population of their country, to do this, they drafted all physically able men between the ages of 15-69 and all women up to the age of 50 were sent to work in the factories or other offices.

The allies close in

As the war began to deteriorate, so did Hitler's health, he was hardly able to walk, he had almost constant stomach cramps, and he was almost always dizzy. To fix this, he overdosed on medication given my his doctor, Dr. Morell. His health countinued to worsen, he began to get many mild heart attacks and became unable to remember names. His doctors said it was due to the amount of stress and pressure Hitler was under and they recommended he take a break. This was out of the question, and Hitler fought to continue his work on the war.

But, he stayed in a bad mood when Adolf Eichman said that 6 million Jews had been exterminated, 4 million by gas chamber and 2 million by mass killings. Although he still wasn't satisfied, Hitler decided that Germany should destroy all evidence of death camps and gassing chambers in Poland before the Allies reached it.

The battle of the bulge

By late September, the Allies had moved into Belgium and were slowly closing in on Germany, this brough Hitler to discuss a surprise attack with his generals. His men (such as the SS who march in the background picture) would secretly line up along the Belgium border, wait for bad weather, and then attack the Allies before they could attack the Germans. Hitler assumed the attack would be so startling for the Allies, that they would be forced to eventually plea for peace.

Before the surprise attack would begin, Hitler (giving speech in background picture) left Wolf's Liar and went to Eagle's Nest for a meeting with all of his commanders in two different meetings on two days, trying to lift their spirits and give them hope. Security was extremely high during these meetings for Hitler was worried about people succeeding in trying to kill him. No one but Hitler could bring anything but their clothes and a handkerchief into the meeting. Everything else was handed to SS men and all seats were closely guarded by a member of the SA.

The battle of the Bulge began on December 16, and took the Americans completely off guard, in just two days, 8,000 Americans surrendered, while in Bastogne another large American division had been surrounded.

Everything seemed well for the Germans, until the weather cleared on December 21, 1944, hundreds of Allied planes rose into the air, shot down many German supply lines, while a relief line was coming to free the Americans trapped in Bastogne. Hitler decided to call for another meeting in which he spoke personally about refusing to surrender he said "Never in my life have I excepted the idea of surrender and I am one of those men who have worked their way up from nothing. Our present situation, therefore, is nothing new to me."

Unfortunately words alone could not change how Germany was doing, too much was working against them, and Germany was forced to withdraw its western part on January 8 due to the Allies closing in on both sides of the bulge. But the Allies closed in to quickly for the Germans, and 20,000 became trapped. When Hitler heard news of this, he realized the war was lost, his last attempt to counterattack had failed. "I'd like most to put a bullet through my head," he said "I know the war is lost."

The jews are liberated

As January bore on, Hitler saw setbacks everywhere, 750,000 German soldiers were doing nothing more than slowing the Allies advance. Meanwhile in Auschwitz, 58,000 Jews (being rescued by the Allies in background picture) had been marched as far away as possible so the Allies wouldn't find them. But when the Allied arrived soon after, they were still able to uncover 7,000 sickly, skinny Jews that had been left behind and had barely enough energy left to thank their liberators. This scene was also seen in other death camps such as Dachau, Buchenwald, and Bergen-Belsen.

The allies close in on Germany

Hitler (giving speech in background picture) delivered his last speech on January 30, 12 years after he became chancellor of Germany. In his final speech, he tried as best he could to lift the his audiences' spirits, while his own grew lower and lower. He became furious when his messenger told him that soon there wouldn't be any tanks and ammunition left. He didn't want to hear about how his army was losing , instead he chose to focus on what his home town would be rebuilt and he also wrote his will and last testament in which he supported all of his thoughts about the Jews, he didn't regret anything and he continued to believe that he was doing the right thing by killing Jews.

Hitler heard news about the Allies crossing the Rhine River bridges before the Nazis could blow it up, the only thing that kept Hitler going in this situation was the belief that the Allies would turn against each other and Germany would succeed.While at the same time, in the East, the Soviets had reached the Oder river and by the middle of March were halfway to Berlin. To escape Berlin without notice, Hitler rode in a normal Volkswagon, it would be his last trip out of Berlin. He drove to a castle in Oder where he begged his army to hold fast and keep the Soviets away from the castle, trying to assure them that a new bomb would be ready soon, which was just a mere idea on Hitler's part.

By the beginning of April, one of the Allied armies was in Vienna while another was heading steadily towards central Germany, much to Hitler's chagrin.

On April 17, 1945, over 320,000 Germans surrendered to the Allies making Hitler's fifty sixth birthday, just three days later sober and remorse. That day, as Hitler walked shakily up the stairs, would be the last day he ever left his bunker alive.

The final days

The next month on April 22, The Fuhrer could hear bombing coming from outside his underground bunker. The Allies were just fifty miles away. This made him order his generals to assemble all remaining units and counterattack the Soviets. When he was told it could not be done, he threw a temper tantrum, he blamed his generals and the cowardice of his soldiers, then his generals watched, stunned as he slumped in his chair, "The war is lost," he said, to the surprise of all around him, "This is the end, I shall remain here in Berlin, defending the city to the last. And then I shall shoot myself." His men knew that he meant everything that he had just said.

Hotler started to prepare his aides who, along with Eva (posing in background picture) refused to leave, she said, "You must know that I shall stay with you, I won't let you send me away." Hitler was moved and said "If only my generals were as brave as you are," then he did something for the first time in public, he kissed Eva on the lips. From there, everything moved swiftly, Hitler called the Goebbels family to join him in suicide, this meant Goebbels' wife and six children would die as well.

. The next evening, Hitler declared he was going to wed Eva Braun who had been his companion for over a decade. Shortly after midnight on April 28, Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler were wed, in front of nine guest which consisted of the entire Goebbels' family and Martin bormann. Hitler wore his uniform while Eva wore an evening gown of black silk, then a military official completed the ceremony and all the guests ate sandwiches and drank some champagne (even Hitler).

The next evening, Hitler (giving speech in background picture) and his closest officers, aides, friends, and wife were given deadly vials of the poison cyanide. To test the effects of the two year old cyanide, a doctor forced the contents down Hitler's dog Blondi's throat, while Hitler was out of the room. When the effects had taken place, Hitler returned. That same evening, Hitler discovered that his Italian partner had been executed which only reinforced Hitler's decision, he declared that he would not let himself be captured by his enemies, meaning that his body would have to be burned with gasoline which his aides found and prepared.

"The chief iS dead"

The next day at 3:30 on April 30, 1945, Hitler and his wife quietly slipped inside his office, and ten minutes later, when one of Hitler's aides opened the door, he found Hitler and Eva slumped together, dead, on a sofa. The mark of a bullet, a gun in his hand, and a vial of cyanide in both of their hands. The Fuhrer was dead. "The Chief is dead," a member of the SS announced to those waiting outside the study. Adolf Hitler, the leader, the dreamer, the killer was dead at last. World War II would end soon after, the Axis would surrender to the Allies, and over 14,000,000 people would be counted dead, not including the over 6 million Jews that had died under the wrath of Hitler, the cruelest, most vicious man to exist.

post mortem

Why did Hitler become so evil? Was he born that way? From what I can see, he was simply given a sample of power. He was given something to take all of his anger and sorrow out on. This power gave him the opportunity to do irrational things to try and destroy his anger and sorrow. Hitler's violence is clear, and he was irrational. From knowing these things, why would anyone want to learn about or have anything to do with him? The reason to learn about him is so the people of the present can realize the mistakes he made, the opportunities he missed, the sorrow and anger he caused. They can use all of this and learn from it, fix his mistakes, lead better, and most importantly, cause no harm. "Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it." -George Santayana.

Casualties of World War ii

The Allies total deaths= 10,648,474

  • U.S.A.-295,904
  • British Commonwealth-452,570
  • U.S.S.R.-7,500,000
  • France-200,000
  • China-2,200,000

The Axis total deaths= 4,656,000

  • Germany (not including the over 6 million Jews)-2,850,000
  • Italy-300,000
  • Japan-1,506,000

BiopoeM

Adolf

Cruel, ruthless, dreamy, leader

Ruler of Germany

Loved Eva Braun and purifying Germany

Experienced hate, love, and accomplishment

Feared that Jews would take over, that Germany would lose again, that he would be held captive by the Allies

Who started World War II

Who wanted to see all Jews die who wanted to experience sole leadership, who wanted to see Germany become purified

Born in Brauna, Austria and lived in Germany

Hitler

VOCABULARY/HELPFUL TERMS TO KNOW

Allen Turring- Cracked Germany's inigma code which gave Britain access to all of German's secret military plans. This gave Britain a terrible burden, in order to be able to win the war but not let Germany know what they had done, Britain had to purposely lose enough battles so Germany wouldn't grow suspicious and change the inigma code.

Lebensraum- Living Space

Luftwaffe- German Air Force.

Persona non grata- An unwanted person

Putsch- An attempt to violently seize control of the government.

Reichstag- German's government

Status quo- Current state of being

The Treaty of Versailles- The agreement signed in France by all Allies and Germany, officially brought World War I to an end. But, these terms of surrender lead to another war for it upset many Germans especially Hitler.

U.S.S.R- The Soviet Union/Russia

Bibliography

-Adolf Hitler, A Study in Hate: Roberts, Jeremy. Adolf Hitler: a Study in Hate. New York, Rosen Pub. Group, 2001.

-Adolf Hitler: German Dictator: Hook, Sue Vander. Adolf Hitler: German Dictator. Edina, MN, ABDO Pub. Co., 2011.

-Historyplace.com: “The History Place.” The History Place, www.historyplace.com/. Accessed 20 Feb. 2017.

-Mein Kampf: Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf. MüNchen, Eher, 1938.

-The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler: Giblin, James Cross. The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler. Park Avenue South, NY, Turtleback Books, 2015.

-World Leaders Past and Present, Hitler: Schlesinger, Arthur M. World Leaders Past and Present Hitler. Philadelphia, PA, Chelsa House Publishers, 1985.

-Youtube: “Hitler Speaks About the Jews.” YouTube, YouTube, www.youtube.com/. Accessed 20 Feb. 2017.

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