Income Inequality

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What defines class?

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>>>>>>>

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Do we have class structures in America?

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bell hooks

"A changing reality that destabilizes society is the economic and political shift towards taking more from the lower class. Midwest plants are closing; small universities are cutting back resources while becoming more expensive; full-time employees are 'let go' and part-time help is fast becoming the national norm." - author and social activist Bell Hooks. "where we stand" 2000
understanding and working with students and adults from poverty Ruby Payne, Baytown, Texas.

Lists key points a teacher must take into consideration when approaching students from poverty.

Poverty is relative

Poverty occurs in all races and all countries.

11.5 million American children live in Poverty (1996). Triple that now.

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Dealing with poverty- "the extent to which an individual does without resources." Resources being:

Financial

Emotional

Mental

Physical

Support Systems

Role Models

Knowing "Hidden Rules"(page 120).

Ruby Payne cites "lack of language and 'story structure'" as a setback. (p.118)

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Poverty forces people to spend more time on survival, rather than preparation for their future.

Intervene with "mediation" to develop an infrastructure for success.

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Paul Gorski

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Savage Unrealities: Uncovering Classism in Ruby Payne's Framework, 2005

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Ruby Payne has more popularity among fawning educators than she does research.

Regression, stereotyping, and classism.

"Shake the uncritical trust bestowed upon Payne by exposing the classism in her work, particularly "A Framework"

  • Payne's work doesn't succeed in creating an understanding of poverty, what causes it, how schools and educators perpetuate it, or how the middle and upper classesmaintain class privilage through the education system.

p.125 evidence Payne ignores.

Payne flubs this cause-effect relationship between poverty and education. In a particularly egregious act of recasting, she suggests that people in poverty don't 'value education'- that the failure to value education is a component of the culture of poverty.

However, research repeatedly demonstrates that those who fall below the poverty line... hold the same fundamental aspirations, beliefs and hopes."

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We've come to a logical impasse.

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Does poverty come from lack of education, or does lack of access to education cause poverty?

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