Background of Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes the pancreas no longer produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnose in young adults and children, and is known for "juvenile diabetes". Therefore, the glucose can not get inside the cell for energy. Out of people with diabetes only 5% of the people is diagnose with this form. This is why people with type 1 diabetes take insulin shots so they can have enough insulin.
- Type 1 diabetics should not have too much foods that is high in fat,sugar,or empty carbohydrates.
- Starch vegetables should be consumed less.
- They should eat vegetables with few carbs, but has more vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
- The diet should be consistent, which means you should not skip any meals.
- The daily diet for diabetics in grams should be: 55:20:25 (carbs:fats:protein)
- Limit carbs on daily meals 45-60 grams should be no more than 180 grams per day
- ¼ protein, ¼ starch, ½ non starchy vegetables.
- Citrus fruits should be avoid.
How Do You Monitor Blood Sugar Daily and Long Term including A1C
You will use a glucometer to test your blood sugar before of after a meal to make sure that your blood sugar is normal. A normal glucose meter reading is 100 mg/dL or less after 8 hours of fasting, or 140/120 mg/dL or less at 2 hours after a meal for those under 50 years old. The more glucose that enters the bloodstream, the higher the amount of glucose you have in your body. A diabetics want to be under an A1C of 7% and a normal patient should have an A1C 5%. Normal levels for random glucose testing range between 70-125 mg/dL. Your doctor will keep track of your A1C which is your blood glucose levels over 2-3 months.
Lifestyle and Exercise Information
For people who have type 1 exercise is recommended. Exercise makes it easier to control blood sugar level. Exercise benefits people with type 1 diabetes because it increases insulin sensitivity. It can also help people with type 1 diabetes avoid long-term complications, especially heart problems. Type 1 diabetics should also take certain measures to prevent blood sugar emergencies so they do not cause hyperglycemia. A sugary snack needs to always be with a diabetic in case of low blood sugar levels.
Personal Stories of People with Type 1 Diabetics
Academy Award-winning actress Halle Berry was a type 1 diabetic. In 1989 went to diabetic coma during the taping of the television show "Living Dolls". Since her diagnosis of insulin dependent diabetes, Halle Berry has been determined not to allow her condition to interfere with her life. Halle Berry is reportedly an active volunteer for the Juvenile Diabetes Association charity in the United States.
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- Guthrie, E. (2014). 2.3.1 A Day in the Life: Type 1 Diabetes. Retrieved December 05, 2016, from https://prezi.com/zzrary4wtdxe/231-a-day-in-the-life-type-1-diabetes/
- (n.d.). American Diabetes Association ®. Nutrient Content Claims: American Diabetes Association ®. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/food-tips/nutrient-content-claims.html?loc=ff-slabnav