Industrial Era Bryson Bebber

Industrial Production

The new arrival of coal and steam energy/energy took place of wind and water. This change increased productivity but decreased the human use of labor.

Farm Life

Before the Industrial Revolution, most people lived in small rural communities where life revolved around farming. The average person had a difficult life as they made little money, and disease was common. People produced the most of their own food, clothing, furniture and tools. Most manufacturing was done in homes or small rural shops, using hand tools or simple machines.

Distribution of Resources

Britain had an excessive amount of valuable minerals including coal and iron ore. Money went into the establishment of new roads, bridges and in the 1750's/1760's canals. In 1780 the roads, rivers, and canals linked major industrial centers of the North, the Midlands, London, and the Atlantic. Britain didn't have internal domestic barriers that blocked domestic trade.

Transportation

The transportation industry was transformed during the Industrial Revolution. Before the steam engine raw materials and goods were distributed by horse-drawn wagons, and by boats along canals and rivers. During the beginning of the 1800s, American Robert Fulton (1765-1815) built the first commercially successful steamboat. By the mid-19th century, steamships were carrying freight across the Atlantic. As steam-powered ships were making their debut, the steam locomotive was also coming into use.

Communication

Communication became easier during the Industrial Revolution by the invention of the telegraph. By 1840, railways were a Cooke-Wheatstone system, and in 1866, a telegraph cable was successfully laid across the Atlantic. The Industrial Revolution also saw the rise of banks, industrial financiers, also factory system dependent on owners and managers.

Factories

Working conditions were almost unbearable during the Industrial Revolution. As factories were being built, businesses were in need of workers. Because of the excess amount of people willing to work the employers could set pay as low as they wanted because people were willing to do work as long as they got paid. People worked fourteen to sixteen hours a day for six days a week. Most were unskilled workers who only received about $8-$10 dollars a week(approximately 10 cents an hour). Workers who possessed skill got paid just a little bit more but not a ton more. Women received one-third or sometimes one-half the pay that men received. Children received even less than this amount. Owners only wanted profit were happy because of the low labor costs.

Housing

People immigrated to the Northeast because they wanted jobs. Between 5 and 9 people lived in a single room which was as big as an apartment. There was not enough room and more people got sick as well. Because everyone lived in terrible conditions and so close to one another, diseases spread quickly and little medicine and medical care resulted in deaths. The population was increasing fast because of the people moving in. Which made it more crowded and worsened the living conditions. These were the people that lived every lives that had to fight for jobs and competed to live.

Credits:

Created with images by Catedrales e Iglesias - "Catedral Santa María la Real de la Almudena,Madrid,Comunidad de Madrid,España."

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