"Sit now there,' said Morgoth, 'and look out upon the lands where evil and despair shall come upon those whom you have delivered to me. For you have dared to mock me, and have questioned the power of Melkor, Master of the Fates of Arda. Therefore with my eyes you shall see, and with my ears you shall hear, and nothing shall be hidden from you.'
Breaking down the role of Melkor/Morgoth
- Morgoth is a parallel to Satan, Melkor is a parallel to Lucifer.
- Lucifer is cast out of Heaven and given the name Satan, he claims lordship over the Earth. He is often referred to as "The Prince of the Power of the Air."
- Melkor is cast out of Valinor and given the name Morgoth, he claims lordship over "Arda". Tolkien refers to negative things happening in Arda as being influenced by the "Breath of Morgoth."
- The ultimately destructive lies that Elves and men believe originate from the "Breath of Morgoth." Some of these lies lead them to fight against their creator "Eru" or "Illuvatar" (God) and the "Valar" (Angels)
- Morgoth was once a Valar as Satan was once an angel.
Shown on top is the "Surtr", a mythical fire giant from Norse Mythology. Below this is an artist rendition of a "Balrog."
In Norse mythology, Middengeard is the middle world occupied by Giants, Dwarves, Humans, Trolls, Elves, Orcs, Goblins, and other magical creatures. One of the most dazzling of these others is the "Sutr", a giant of fire. Middengeard is like Earth to the Norse and translates to Middle-Earth in English. The Norse believed that Middengeard was a world between that of the god's and "Hel."
Hel is basically the Norse version of Hell except it is more like a heaven for warriors and not a place of eternal damnation. The word translates to "hall" in modern english, as "Hel" was believed to be a "grand hall" where slain warriors went when they died. Below is an artist rendition of the Norse "Hel."
Notice how "Hel" is more of an icy area whereas the Judeo/Christian version is a place of fire and brimstone. Although it is not completely certain, many believe that Angband in the Silmarillion and Children of Hurin, is based on the Norse "Hel." This wouldn't be surprising as Tolkien was a philogist and he studied mythology regularly.
Here is a map of middle earth and the undying lands from The Silmarillion.