Samurai Project Katie yun//p.2

The Rise of a Military Society

HOW DID JAPAN BECOME A MILITARY SOCIETY?

Basically, Japan became a military society when the kamakura government, basically, marked the new beginning of a brand new era happening in Japan.

Explain the shogun, daimyo, and samurai structure and the loyalties involved.

Shogun. Shogun was a member of a military caste. They were the "supreme commander of the army" which meant that they ruled the country and ruled on the emperor's behalf.

Daimyo. Daimyo was estate owners that paid no taxes, had private armies (samurai), and actually hired samurais. Also, Daimyo was one of the greatest lords that were vassals of the shogun. In Japanese, "dai" means large, and "myo" means private land.

Samurai structures. There is 15 samurai structures as of now. The names are; Himeji Castle, Matsumoto Castle, Kumamoto Castle, Edo Castle, Hikone Castle, Kanazawa Castle, Azuchi Castle, Matsue Castle, Hiroshima Castle, Odawara Castle, Ueda Castle, Ishiyama Hongan-ji, Tokyo National Museum, Kawagoe Castle, Fukagawa Edo Shiryokan.

Samurai Armor, Weapons, and Fighting

Describe and show pictures of their armors and weapons

When the Samurai went to battle, the samurai's dressed in very heavy armor. Under their armor, the samurai's wore a very colorful robe which was called a kimono, and also wore it with a baggy trouser.

The armor was strong and flexible for the samurai's to run and move in them.

Samurai sword, a samurai sword basically, wasn't just a weapon it was oftenly used as a work of a swordsmith's artisy

DESCRIBE THEIR MILITARY TRAINING AND FIGHTING STYLES

In the beginning, the samurai's were taught to fight without swords, called martial arts. Also were taught the art of fencing, fight without thinking, breathing properly, and how to force the enemy to make first move. Did you know? If the samurai lost their weapon during battle/war, they had to use their surrounding items, like fans and staffs to fight.

Samurai Training and the Warrior Code

HOW DID SOMEONE BECOME A SAMURAI? WHAT WERE THE STAGES?

How? Well, so, one became a samurai, by leaving for training at the age of 7 (usuaally for boys). Japanese boys (maybe girls) could become samurai from being born from a samurai family. The stages were basically to leave of for training, sent to a village for history and cultural education, and just learn to become a samurai.

WHAT WERE THEY TRAINED TO DO PHYSICALLY AND MENTALLY?

Physically, the samurai's were trained to do martial arts, handle weapons, to shoot accurately, using random objects as weapons,and to survive in different climates, . And, mentally, were trained to allow the code of conduct, Bushido. The samurai's also trained for preparation for death, not to starve, tolerated pain and sufferings, marched barefoot in snow, and holding stiff postures for long time with complaining.

WHAT IS BUSHIDO?

Well, Bushido is a code of honor that were developed by the samurai's from Japan. In Japanese term, it's the "way of life". The bushido required the samurai to be generous, brave, loyal, being obidient, and honoring the above life. "Bushi" meant warrior and "do" meant the way. It can also be defined as," the way of the warrior".

WHAT OTHER VALUES/IDEALS/CUSTOMS DO THE SAMURAI LIVE BY?

Did you know that the samurai's believed that their sword was the holder of the their soul! The samurai's also had to live by bushido, the code of conduct. The samurai had a important belief system to Zen Buddhism. The samurai's were expected to read, write, and know some mathematics.

DISCUSS SEPPUKU

Seppuku "stomach cutting" is a type of Japanese ritual suicide. It was basically and originally reserved for only for the samurai's and it was also a part of the honor code. Seppuku was used voluntarily by samurai to die with honor instead of plainly being dead in the hands of the enemy.

Spiritual Training

DISCUSS AMIDA BUDDHISM AND ZEN BUDDHISM.

Amida Buddhism is a holy Buddha according to the scriptures. Also it possess good deeds over countless past lives. Amida is also known and called as " The Buddha if Immeasurable Life and Light". Zen Buddhism. The word ZEN means "meditation, simplicity, and meditation". Did you know, Samurai's favored it ,reason being, they thought it would give them inner peace and help the samurai's during the battles.

Women in Samurai Societyy

HOW DID THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN SAMURAI SOCIETY CHANGE?

The role of women in samurai society changed because usually the women would stay at their household, but since the women helped in battles, it changed the society. Also, did you know, that the women's were trained in using a special knife, Tantojutsu, which is the skill of the knife.

WHAT WAS LIFE LIKE IN THE 12th CENTURY?

The life in the 12th century was about the women being taught military skills , just in case, they get sent to war. In the 12th century there was a women named, Tomoe Gozen, in which, she was very strong and brave. Some accomplishments she've been through is killing several enemies and also she fenced with the enemies leader! What a brave samurai women.

WHAT WAS LIFE LIKE IN THE 17th CENTURY?

During the 17th century, the samurai's women position's in battle weakened. Did you know that the families arranged the girls marriage! All the things started having more rules added to it as the warrior code developed.

THANK YOU FOR READING!!

Credits:

Created with images by madmrmox - "mean_samurai" • familymwr - "Army Photography Contest - 2007 - FMWRC - Arts and Crafts - Only The Strong" • FuFuWolf - "Yamamoto-Catle-Shogun" • mltorrefranca - "kote hand" • Androfire - "Samurai Swords" • vancouverfilmschool - "Film Production Students Shoot Stunt Scenes" • usarjnco - "A 'SLICE' OF JAPAN: USARJ FRG HOSTS DINNER SHOW" • japanesefilmarchive - "Harakiri (1962)" • mikegi - "buddha buddhism statue" • Aditya Rakhman - "The Shadow of the Leaves"

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