"In My Hands" by Irene Gut Opydyke November/December 2016 AR Biography Activity

"So, you don't claim to be German----you'd be surprised how many people do," he said. He gave me a cynical smile. "I must admire your honesty for not attempting to do so." (p. 95)

Based upon the context clues, the word "cynical" means to show acceptance of a person's honesty or right actions.

"...and I began to suspect that Dr. Ksydzof intended to bring my stay at the Ternopol hospital to a swift and unpleasant end. Under Dr. Olga's authority, I had known I was a prisoner, but I had felt safe. Now, as a nurse of the renegade Polish army, I knew I attracted Dr. Ksydzof's personal vengeance." (p. 41)

Based upon the context clues, the word "vengeance" means the desire for revenge.

"As darkness began to fall, we slowed for a tiny provincial train station, and a conductor called out, "Svetlana." (p. 46)

Based upon the context clues, the word "provincial" means local.

"In the summer, there was a typhoid epidemic, and we were busy for six weeks trying to keep death away from our poor people." (p. 50)

Based upon the context clues, the word "typhoid epidemic" means a disease that might cause death.

"Any idea we might have of thwarting our captors was defeated from the start: Our speed and efficiency were checked repeatedly, and the punishment for sabotaging the ammunition was death." (p. 94)

Based upon the context clues, the word "thwarting" means to prevent from accomplishing a purpose.

"I fell into my bunk every night exhausted and weak from undernourishment and from breathing gunpowder. I was more anemic than ever." (p. 94)

Based upon the context clues, the word "undernourishment" means to not be given the essential elements needed for living.

"I was more anemic than ever. Often, I felt so faint on the factory floor that I caught myself swaying and had to grab the workbench to keep from falling." (p. 94)

Based upon the context clues, the word "anemic" means suffering from anemia, or a lack of iron.

"One morning, a cadre of officers came to inspect us, and I recognized the major who had chosen us for the factory." (p. 95)

Based upon the context clues, the word "cadre" means a group of trained people who are capable of leading a military organization.

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