Important figures: Nichola,Cologne,God ,Jesus,Stephen,King of France,St denis,Moses,Pope,Philip 2
Started: 1212 in France and Germany (1189-1311)
Why it happened: Two children Nicholas and Stephen. Who where important figures wanted to reach the holy land. They believed that God would part the seas when they reached genoa so they won't get wet to reach the Holy land. Stephen claimed to see Jesus which gave him bread and a note for the king of France.
The children's motivation was of their motivation was that they wanted to go to the holy land. In Stephen's vision he saw Jesus. The children wanted to go partly because they heard about the miracles but mostly not . The children also planned on recapture Palestine, and the holy land of Jerusalem. The children also wanted “to take up the cross” to the holy land. They could've also wanted to go because is because the holy land is also known as the destination of pilgrimages for all three religions. They also probably knew that the second Isaiah prophesied said that they shall all be comforted. Since the boys are Christian they either follow the Torah, the Old Testament of the Bible and in those it says a lot of good stuff o the holy land which is probably were the children heard a lot good stuff about the holy land. During the children probably wanted to ask god something.
The key events
An important event is The children gathered in Cologne then they traveled up the Rhine river over the alps into Lombardy and went to the Genoa sea and many of them died traveling to the Genoa sea.They did that because they wanted God to split the Genoa sea so the could get to the promised land without getting wet. When the sea didn't split many of them lost their faith. They tried to get back home but the pope in Rome didn't let them go home on his ships. So they went on slave traders ships where the slave traders tricked the kids where they killed and raped the kids. They got home by using slave trade ships but very little of them did the ones who actually made it home, their parents were disappointed in their children and disowned them. The children felt very bad because they thought it was the work of the devil and many of them lost their faith.
Kids pass through village holding crosses
Results + impacts-
on the way to their destination (genoa) the kids passed through villages some of the people in the villages gave them food.then when the children reached genoa the thought God would Part the sea so they could get through. But the sea never did. When that happened the children broke apart. Children were hungry, and suffering from excessive heat. When the crusades fell apart. Kids scattered. The kids that went to get on boats many bishops refused to let the kids on but some that did, crashed, killing all. Other boats were owned by Muslim trade markets. The kids were often raped and killed. Kids who did make it home ended up lost, sick, and lost their religious fervor. The kids also lost their faith in God. But ones that got to Rome where freed from vows by the pope. The pope claimed that the things that happened to the kids where the work of the devil. Also the pope quoted "these children put us to shame they rush to recover the Holy land while we sleep"
Stephen of Cloyes
Im going to be writing about the child who invisioned jesus.
In France there was a young 12 year old boy by the name Stephen from Cloyes who one time visioned jesus who claimed to see jesus in a poverty stricken pilgrim outfit
Inspired 30,000 children and could perform miracles. God and thought themselves miracle workers. Attracting a following of over 30,000 adults and children, he went to Saint-Denis, where he was seen to cause miracles. On the orders of Philip II, advised by the University of Paris, the people were implored to return home. Philip himself did not appear impressed, especially since his unexpected visitors were led by a mere child, and refused to take them seriously. Stephan, however, was not dissuaded, and began preaching at a nearby abbey. From Saint-Denis, Stephan traveled around France, spreading his messages as he went, promising to lead charges of Christ to Jerusalem. Although the Church was skeptical, many adults were impressed by his teaching. The second movement was led by a twelve-year-old French shepherd boy named Stephan of Cloyes, who said in June that he bore a letter for the king of France from Jesus. Large gangs of youth around his age were drawn to him, most of whom claimed to possess special gifts of God and thought themselves miracle workers. Attracting a following of over 30,000 adults and children, he went to Saint-Denis, where he was seen to cause miracles. On the orders of Philip II, advised by the University of Paris, the people were implored to return home. Philip himself did not appear impressed, especially since his unexpected visitors were led by a mere child, and refused to take them seriously. Stephan, however, was not dissuaded, and began preaching at a nearby abbey. From Saint-Denis, Stephan traveled around France, spreading his messages as he went, promising to lead charges of Christ to Jerusalem. Although the Church was skeptical, many adults were impressed by his teaching. A few of those who initially joined him possessed his activeness; it is estimated that there were less than half the initial 30,000 remaining, a figure that was shrinking rapidly, rather than growing as perhaps anticipated.
At the end of June 1212, Stephan led his largely juvenile Crusaders from Vendôme to Marseilles. They survived by begging for food, while the vast majority seem to have been disheartened by the hardship of this journey and returned to their families.
Young shepherd boy leading the second group
This is the map of where their destination is
children went on the boats after the sea did not part.
Brady-" I have a degree in hypo sociology and that means that I specialize in the crusades. My favorite crusade is the children's crusades , I think it's the best crusade because it involves children and a little bit of parents. I believe that it was a good cause and that children should have more power."
Elizabeth- "I'm a student and I have been working with a team to show what happened in the children's crusades. I believe that the children's crusades is very important. Not only because they showed that they could reach the holy land without adults. But they also had two important children that led the crusades."
Shayne- "I think children crusade was good but also had a big defect with the kids and the ship members. They reached the holy land which was very important. They had very important children that had a big meaning in the crusade. Kid that could change the hole thing."
Jack - "I think that the children's crusade was a good crusade because how it tells us a lot about the kids in the 'old days' how we learn about how religious they were and how much they appreciated god and how the kids tried acting perfect for the god."
Ally- "I research the crusades and the children's crusade is my favorite. The children's crusade is my favorite because it packed with a lot of different things."