Aristotle was born in Stagira, Greece in 384 B.C. At the age of 17, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens. There he stayed and was taught many principles of topics such as biology, physics, mathematics, poetry, theatre and more until he was 37 years old (347 B.C.). Aristotle is known as the founder of formal logic, meaning he devised a system for figuring out key intellectual problems.
Aristotle studied many different topics throughout his lifetime. Some of these topics include biology, zoology, physics, rhetoric, psychology, and political theory. A few of his surviving works that Aristotle published throughout his life include Topics and Sophistical Refutations. It is said by many scholars that in his time of studying and learning, Aristotle always held the ideologies of Plato to high regards. This does not come as a shock seeing that he went to school at Plato's Academy.
Doctrines and Ideologies
- Logic: wrote the Organon (the "tool" of thought); founded objects in language such as universal prepositions, systematic letters, and "moods" of syllogism
- Physics and Metaphysics: natural philosophy and first philosophy, respectively; studies the different aspects of nature; shared his vision of the cosmos
- Motion: actuality VS potentiality; shared his views on the continuum of forces in the world (a series of positions between point A and point B)
- Time: the number of motion with respect to the thoughts of before and after circumstances
- Matter: alteration of the makeup of substances is what drives the universe
- Philosophy of Science: scientific knowledge must be built up out of demonstrations
- Philosophy of Mind: the souls very essence is defined by its relationship to an organic structure (i.e. a human body)
- Ethics: moral philosophies which include happiness, virtue, action and contemplation
- Political Theory: "Man is a political animal" who aim at some good and who strives to climb the ranks of their natural hierarchy
- Rhetoric and Poetics: shares with the people possible means of persuasion using ethos, pathos and logos; poetry is a form of representative art that uses a rhythm and careful wording in order to speak of a universal history of a particular subject
- Biology and Zoology: taught people of the natural processes and patterns of life and how animals interact on Earth
"Aristotle." Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, 18 Feb. 2017. Web. 20 Feb 2017.
Kenny, Anthony J.P., and Anselm H. Amadio. "Aristotle." Encyclopedia Britanncia. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.