Winfield Scott Hancock Cara Boyce

TIME AND PLACE OF BIRTH

Winfield Scott Hancock was born on February 14, 1824. He was born in Montgomery Square Pennsylvania.

EARLY YEARS

FAMILY-He had what most people call a normal family. He had a mother, Elizabeth Foxwell, a father, Benjamin Franklin, and a twin brother, Hilary Baker Hancock. In 1830 the third boy of their family was born, John.

CHILDHOOD- When he was three-years-old his family moved from Montgomery Square Pennsylvania to Norristown (where he later passed away at the age of 61) His father was an "aspiring attorney who taught school". His mother opened a millinery shop.

SCHOOL- At the age of 16 he entered at West Point Academy. He then graduated 18th with the class of 1844. He went to school with others who would soon become generals in the Civil War and set the course of history like Ulysses S. Grant, Alexander Hays and others.

CHALLENGES

He had two children who would not out live him or his wife. His two children were Russell his first born son and Ada his daughter who was born seven years later.

Later on, other generals would not let him lead men into Mexico for the Mexican-War at first. He did not get the chance to lead men until later on.

Winfield was sympathetic to all his southern friends who would later oppose him in the Confederate Army. He did not agree with Lincolns Republican administration. He made it clear that the Confederacy must fall to preserve the Union.

THINGS THAT MADE HIM IMPORTANT

Winfield was a major General for the Union and a brilliant commander.

He served in the Mexican-War and was honored for his bravery at the battle of Churubusco.

July 1863, Battle of Gettysburg, he commanded the Union center and repulsed the Confederate assault known as Pickett's Charge.

THINGS THAT MADE HIM IMPORTANT

He was an efficient and successful Union General and corps commander. He earned the respect of his troops for his quick decision-making, intelligence, great attitude and his bravery. Not only did these traits earn him the respect of his troops but contributed to him being a war hero.

He is well known for his performance at the Battle of Gettysburg for his placement of the Union defense. He held back the Confederates full-scale attack on the final day.

HOW HE CONTRIBUTED OR IMPACTED AMERICAN HISTORY

After the war, once President Lincoln was assassinated, Winfield was the supervisor of the execution of the conspirators in Lincolns assassination. For a brief time before returning to the plain he was sent to the west where he served.

WHAT I ADMIRE ABOUT HIS LIFE

I admire how no matter what happened he did not just quit. I know that others did the same thing and I know others have suffered, but his children died before him and he was injured multiple times. He never gave up because he knew what he had to do even if it meant his life in return.

WORK CITED

History.com Staff. "Winfield Scott Hancock." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 17 Apr. 2017. <http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/winfield-scott-hancock>.

Johnson, Gregory A. "Hancock, Winfield Scott (Hancock the Superb)." Winfield Scott Hancock. Pennsylvania Center for the Book, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2017. <http://pabook2.libraries.psu.edu/palitmap/bios/Hancock_Winfield_Scott.html>.

"Winfield Scott Hancock." American Civil War Reference Library. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Winfield Scott Hancock." Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2017. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/winfield-scott-hancock.html?referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F>.

"Winfield Scott Hancock." HistoryNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2017. <http://www.historynet.com/winfield-scott-hancock>.

Credits:

Created with images by Ron Cogswell - "Civil War Union General Winfield Scott Hancock -- 701 Pennsylvania Avenue NW Washington (DC) 2015" • fernando butcher - "Good old North wind.. January 1st 1801" • Ron Cogswell - "'Still Facing Gettysburg' -- Union Civil War Monument St. Paul (MN) July 2014"

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