What makes a good citizen?
A good citizen has rights, responsibility, and abides by the law. When a citizen has right that means they are granted certain luxuries by the law. A example of a right is the right to freedom of speech, a citizen of America has freedom of speech because it is a law. A citizen also has responsibilities which can also be luxuries. A example of a responsibility is voting. It is a right that everyone can vote, but it is a responsibility which means that you aren't required to vote but can if you would want to. Finally a good citizen would obey the law. Whether it is a state law, or a national law, the law should be followed. A example of this might be not walking your vdog in a certain part of the park because that he Park rules say not to. These are just some examples of what a good citizen might do and how they might act.
Which type of government is most effective?
There are many different types of government and almost all are very effective in one or more areas but all have their downsides. In this I think that democracy is the most effective government. A dictatorship is efficient but not much else, and while the dictator might start off on your side it doesn't usually end up that he is still on your side after a while. In a dictatorship leaders often abuse their power, mistreat citizens, and use the power in their best interests not the country's. A example of the is the infamous Fujimori a former president of Peru who became a dictator and did many good things for the country. Unfortunately with no one to check his power he eventually abused and misused his power. A democracy on the other hand is not always very efficient, but it treats its citizens very fairly and allows them rights. Along with this leaders are elected by the people the power of the government is divided into separate branches. A example of this government is Ancient Greece -specifically the Athens- who had a direct democracy which means everyone voted and votes were counted individually. It was a successful and early example of one of the first democratic governments. A famous and successful example of democracy was the representative democracy of the Roman Empire in which the citizens elected leaders to represent them. A example of when this government is not efficient, could be when someone might be trying to pass a law but has a lot of opposition from the congress, this situation could be very long and tedious. I think that democracy has its downsides but is the most effective government overall for the reasons stated above.