WWII Battles Anna Haselmann

The United States in WWII: The Pacific

Battle of Midway

Facts:

  • The Japanese sent 5 carriers, 11 battleships, and 5000 troops to the island of Midway under the belief that American bombers had been launched from there
  • During the battle, the United States lost a destroyer, 150 aircraft, and 307 men, whereas the Japanese lost 4 carriers, 3500 men, and nearly 300 planes
  • It took 5 minutes to change the course of the war, the battle was seen as the most decisive victory in the history of naval warfare

Significance to Allies:

  • The advantage in the war shifted to the Allies because they were able to recuperate from their losses quickly

Significance to Axis:

  • Their Empire had reached his limit, although the immediate impact was not seen until later, becausew three years of the war still remained

Iwo Jima

Facts:

  • The island of Iwo Jima was not a popular island, it was actually not well known at all
  • It was named the costliest battle in US Marine Corps history, accounting for nearly 7000 deaths, one fourth of how many men were there
  • Navajo Code Talkers were a large part in winning the battle. They encoded messages to prevent the Japanese from figuring out the Allied plans

Significance to Allies

  • They gained an island with great tactical importance: it had two airfields which could be used for either emergency landing bases (US) or fighter planes (Japan)

Significance to Axis

  • A horrible loss for Japan. They lost nearly their entire garrison, roughly 20,000 men, and a very important island

The united states in wwii: europe

Battle of stalingrad

Facts:

  • This battle did not have to be fought, the German army could have just bypassed it, however Hitler ordered the attack on Stalingrad, partially because it wouldn't be wise to leave a major city behind them, undefeated, and partially because the city was named after Stalin, whom Hitler had a hatred for
  • Stalingrad was Russia's center of communications in the south and a center of manufacturing
  • Hitler ordered his men to fight to the last bullet, even though with the shortages of food and the freezing cold weather it would have been wiser to abandon the mission

Significance tO allies

  • Severely injured the Axis army and set them back and managed to keep their city

Significance to axis

  • Lost an entire army and many men were taken prisoner. The battle was a complete and utter disaster for them, it set their plans on invading Russia way back

Battle of berlin

Facts:

  • Battle involved the Soviet Union, Poland, Germany, US, Britain, and France
  • Russia invaded the German capital on April 16th. The battle lasted for 17 days and ended with the German forces across Berlin surrendering on May 2nd
  • 6 days after the German surrender, May 8th, is named: Victory in Europe (VE) Day

Significance to allies

  • It ended the fight in Europe so they were only battling in the Pacific still, making it easier to defeat Japan

Significance to axis

  • The end of the war. Germany was split up into East and West Germany and Hitler died. Allied victory

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