Ambrose Burnside MAryna Summers

Ambrose Everett Burnside
In 1824, on May 23rd, Ambrose Burnside was born in Liberty, Indiana.
Ambrose Burnside is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Edghill Burnside. He was the fourth of 8 children. In his early years, he attended Liberty Seminary School. In 1841, his mother died, causing him to drop out of school.
Later on, he enrolled at West Point. He ranked 18 out of 38 students attending. He was considered as an average student. Then, he cut his education short, Burnside's father lead him to a local tailor. Learning the trade, he took his father's political collection in 1843, letting him get into the US Military Academy.
After the Mexican-American War, in 1849, Burnside was injured in the neck by an Apache.
During the Battle of Antietam, General B. McClellan gave Burnside commands for the IX Corps, I Corps. While he was in charge of the X Corps, confusion and delays occurred, because of the particular orders that faced him, they had troubles capturing. This event became known as, "Burnside's Bridge." Following the Battle of Antietam, Burnside became the commander of the Army of the Potomac in November of 1862. Burnside then thought of an idea to attempt a rapid approach to Richmond. As a result of the Union defeat, The army received over 13,000 deaths. The second time they decided to do another approach, they failed, naming event " Mud March."
Burnside is known for his leadership in the Civil War. Abe Lincoln, offered Burnside to be the commander of the Army of the Potomac.
After the war Burnside went on to a successful civilian career, serving as the director of several railways as well as the first president of the National Rifle Association. He served as the governor of Rhode Island from 1866 to 1869, and in 1874 he was elected as a U.S. senator.
Burnside is best known for his command of the Union Army of the Potomac from November 1862 to January 1863. During this time period, Burnside experienced a major loss at Fredericksburg, Virginia. He was defeated by General Robert E. Lee. As Burnside tried to launch an attack across Virginia's Rappahannock River, the union march fell apart due to bad weather, causing this event to be called a muddy swamp.
Burnside was relieved of his duty as commander of the Army of the Potomac. He was able to hold Knoxville, Tennessee, against the Southern forces. However, in the later parts of 1864, he failed to conquer the defenses at Petersburg. This failed attack is known today as the Battle of the Crater. This marked the end of Burnside's military career.
After reading all about Ambrose Burnside, I do not have a complete admiration for him. However, as he went into battles he always had the determination to fight, and try his hardest. Even though he may not win the first time, he would think of a new strategic way to succeed the second time.

Works Cited:

"Ambrose Burnside." A&E Networks Television, 28 Jan. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2017."

"Ambrose Burnside." Civil War Academy - American Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

Ambrose Burnside." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.

Hickman, Kennedy. "Union Leaders: Major General Ambrose Burnside." ThoughtCo. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

"Maj. General Ambrose Burnside (USA), Governor, U.S. Senator." Geni_family_tree. N.p., 13 Feb. 2015. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.

"Sculpting a Scapegoat: Ambrose Burnside at Antietam." HistoryNet. N.p., 20 Oct. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2017.

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Ambrose Everett Burnside." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 04 May 1999. Web. 18 Apr. 2017


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