What If the 2020 Presidential Election is Disputed? PARTICIPANT BIOS SCROLL DOWN


Barry C. Burden is professor of political science and director of the Elections Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has published research on a variety of election administration topics including the effects of election laws on voter turnout, the recruitment of poll workers, and causes and nature of Election Day incidents. He is the co-editor with Charles Stewart III of The Measure of American Elections.

Joshua A. Douglas is a professor at the University of Kentucky J. David Rosenberg College of Law, where he teaches and researches election law and voting rights, civil procedure, constitutional law, and judicial decision making. He is the author of Vote for US: How to Take Back our Elections and Change the Future of Voting, a popular press book that provides hope and inspiration for a positive path forward on voting rights. His most recent legal scholarship focuses on the constitutional right to vote, with an emphasis on state constitutions, as well as the various laws, rules, and judicial decisions impacting election administration. He has also written extensively on election law procedure.

Lawrence R. Douglas teaches in the Department of Law, Jurisprudence and Social Thought at Amherst College, where he holds the James J. Grosfeld chair. He is the author of seven books, including The Memory of Judgment: Law and History in the Trials of the Holocaust (Yale, 2001) and The Right Wrong Man: John Demjanjuk and the Last Great Nazi War Crimes Trial (Princeton, 2016), a New York Times “Editor’s Choice.” His most recent book, Will He Go? Trump and the Looming Electoral Meltdown in 2020, will be published by Hachette on May 19, 2020. In addition, Douglas has published two novels, The Catastrophist (2007), a Kirkus “Best Books of the Year,” and The Vices (2011), a finalist for the National Jewish Book Prize. His commentary and essays have appeared in Harper’s, The New York Times, The Washington Post and The Los Angeles Times; and he is a regular contributor to the Times Literary Supplement and The Guardian (US), where he is a contributing opinion writer.

Terri L. Enns is Clinical Professor of Law at The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law, where she is also a Senior Fellow of the election law program. Professor Enns has taught the college’s Legislation Clinic since its inception, overseeing the legislative work of law students placed in Ohio government offices. Prior to joining the OSU faculty, she spent three years as the legal counsel for the Ohio Senate Minority Caucus, where her responsibilities included staffing the judiciary and education committees and working extensively on school funding and accountability issues, juvenile criminal law, and the tobacco settlement.

Edward B. ('Ned') Foley holds the Ebersold Chair in Constitutional Law at The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law, where he also directs its election law program. His new book, Presidential Elections and Majority Rule (Oxford University Press, 2020), excavates the long-forgotten philosophical premises of how the Electoral College is supposed to work, as revised by the Twelfth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. His book Ballot Battles: The History of Disputed Elections in the United States (Oxford University Press, 2016) was named Finalist for the David J. Langum, Sr. Prize in American Legal History. As Reporter for the American Law Institute’s Project on Election Administration, Foley drafted Principles of Law: Non-Precinct Voting and Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes, which provides nonpartisan guidance for the resolution of election disputes. Previously he served as State Solicitor in the office of the Ohio Attorney General, and he clerked for Chief Judge Patricia M. Wald of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit and Justice Harry Blackmun of the U.S. Supreme Court.

John C. Fortier is the director of governmental studies at the Bipartisan Policy Center. Prior to joining BPC in April 2011, he was a research fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, where he served as the principal contributor to the AEI-Brookings Election Reform Project, the executive director of the Continuity of Government Commission, and the project manager of the Transition to Governing Project. He also served as the director of the Center for the Study of American Democracy at Kenyon College. Fortier is the author of Absentee and Early Voting: Trends, Promises and Perils, the author and editor of After the People Vote: A Guide to the Electoral College, and the author and co-editor with Norman Ornstein of Second Term Blues: How George W. Bush Has Governed, and numerous academic articles in political science and law journals. He also has been a regular columnist for The Hill and Politico.

Elizabeth (Liza) Goitein codirects the Brennan Center for Justice’s Liberty & National Security Program. She is the author of the Brennan Center report The New Era of Secret Law and coauthor of the reports Overseas Surveillance in an Interconnected World, What Went Wrong with the FISA Court, and Reducing Overclassification Through Accountability. Her writing also has been featured in major newspapers including the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, USA Today, and Los Angeles Times. Before coming to the Brennan Center, Goitein served as counsel to Senator Russ Feingold, chairman of the Constitution Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee, and as a trial attorney in the Federal Programs Branch of the Civil Division of the Department of Justice. Goitein graduated from Yale Law School and clerked for Judge Michael Daly Hawkins on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Joel K. Goldstein is the Vincent C. Immel Professor of Law at Saint Louis University School of Law, where he writes and teaches in the areas of constitutional law, the Presidency, and the federal courts. He is perhaps best known for his work on the vice presidency. His doctoral dissertation grew into his first book, The Modern American Vice Presidency: The Transformation of a Political Institution (Princeton University Press 1982). More recently, he has written a second book on the subject, The White House Vice Presidency: The Path to Significance, Mondale to Biden (Kansas, 2016). He also has written numerous scholarly articles and commentary pieces on the vice presidency.

Trey Grayson is a member of Frost Brown Todd and managing director of the law firm’s public affairs affiliate, CivicPoint. He served two-terms as Secretary of State for the Commonwealth of Kentucky. While in office, Trey was President of the National Association of Secretaries of State and the Chair of the Republican Secretaries of State Association. He continues to be involved in election administration, including serving on the bipartisan Presidential Commission on Election Administration following the 2012 election, becoming a founding board member of two national non-profits, Democracy Works and the Center for Election Innovation and Research, and working with several additional groups and organizations to secure and modernize our elections.

Rebecca Green is Professor of the Practice of Law at William & Mary Law School, where she is Co-Director of the Election Law Program, a joint project of the Law School and the National Center for State Courts. In that role, Green oversees its annual symposia and speaker series and undertakes a series of projects designed to educate judges about election law topics. Most recently, Green has begun work on a series of State Election Law eBenchbooks. Other projects have included co-founding Revive My Vote, a project to assist Virginians with prior felony convictions regain the right to vote; producing Election War Games at state judicial conferences in Virginia, Colorado, and Wisconsin, and supervising students on a variety of projects such as drafting an ABA report on 2012 election delays and research projects for the Presidential Commission on Election Administration.

Richard L. Hasen is Chancellor’s Professor of Law and Political Science at the University of California, Irvine. Hasen is a nationally recognized expert in election law and campaign finance regulation, writing as well in the areas of legislation and statutory interpretation, remedies, and torts. He is co-author of leading casebooks in election law and remedies. His newest book, Election Meltdown: Dirty Tricks, Distrust, and the Threat to American Democracy, was published by Yale University Press in 2020. Hasen convened the Ad Hoc Committee for 2020 Election Fairness and Legitimacy which released its report in April 2020: Fair Elections During a Crisis: Urgent Recommendations in Law, Media, Politics, and Tech to Advance the Legitimacy of, and the Public’s Confidence in, the November 2020 U.S. Elections.

Steven F. Huefner is the C. William O'Neill Professor in Law and Judicial Administration at The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law, where he is a Senior Fellow of the election law program. He served as the Associate Reporter for the American Law Institute’s project on Election Administration, which culminated in the 2019 publication of Principles of Law: Non-Precinct Voting and Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes. He also has published a variety of other articles and books on election law and legislative process. Before joining the OSU faculty, Professor Huefner practiced law for five years in the Office of Senate Legal Counsel, U.S. Senate. He also clerked for Judge David S. Tatel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit and for Justice Christine M. Durham of the Supreme Court of Utah.

Samuel Issacharoff is the Reiss Professor of Constitutional Law at New York University School of Law. His wide-ranging research deals with issues in civil procedure (especially complex litigation and class actions), law and economics, constitutional law, particularly with regard to voting rights and electoral systems, and employment law. He is one of the pioneers in the law of the political process, where his Law of Democracy casebook (co-authored with Stanford’s Pam Karlan and NYU’s Rick Pildes) and dozens of articles have helped to create a vibrant new area of constitutional law. He served as the Reporter for the American Law Institute’s Principles of the Law of Aggregate Litigation. Professor Issacharoff is a 1983 graduate of the Yale Law School. After clerking, he spent the early part of his career as a voting rights lawyer. He then began his teaching career at the University of Texas in 1989, where he held the Joseph D. Jamail Centennial Chair in Law. In 1999, he moved to Columbia Law School, where he was the Harold R. Medina Professor of Procedural Jurisprudence. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Martin S. Lederman is Professor from Practice at the Georgetown University Law Center and Senior Fellow of the Georgetown Law Center Supreme Court Institute. He was Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Legal Counsel from 2009 to 2010, and an Attorney Advisor in OLC from 1994-2002. He has published articles on Congress’s authority to regulate the Commander in Chief’s conduct of war and its authority to establish wartime military courts, among other topics in constitutional law. He contributes regularly to Balkinization, Just Security, and other blogs and periodicals, writing principally on issues relating to constitutional law, including separation of powers, war powers, and religion.

Justin Levitt is Professor and Associate Dean for Research at Loyola Law School. He served from 2015-17 as a Deputy Assistant Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice, helping to lead the Civil Rights Division’s work on voting rights and employment discrimination, supporting activity on more than 120 cases. Levitt has been invited to testify before committees of the U.S. Senate and House, the U.S. Civil Rights Commission, multiple state legislative bodies, and federal and state courts. Before entering academia, Levitt worked at several nonprofits (including the Brennan Center at NYU) and served several presidential campaigns, including as the National Voter Protection Counsel in 2008, helping to ensure that tens of millions of eligible citizens could vote and have those votes counted. He has advised, represented, and sued officials of both major political parties and neither, as well as those whose partisan preference he does not know.

Lisa Manheim is the Charles I. Stone Associate Professor of Law at the University of Washington School of Law. Her scholarship explores themes of federalism and institutionalism in the fields of constitutional law, election law, and presidential powers. Prior to joining academia, Professor Manheim clerked for Judge Pierre N. Leval of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Justice Anthony M. Kennedy of the United States Supreme Court. She also served as an associate at Perkins Coie LLP, where her specializations included election law litigation.

Matthew Masterson currently serves as Senior Cybersecurity Advisor at the Department of Homeland Security, where he focuses on election security issues. He previously served as a Commissioner at the Election Assistance Commission from December 2014 until March 2018, including serving as the Commission’s Chairman in 2017-2018. Prior to that, he held staff positions with the Ohio Secretary of State’s office, where he oversaw voting-system certification efforts and helped develop an online voter registration system. Matt holds a law degree from the University of Dayton School of Law and BS and BA degrees from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.

Michael T. Morley is Assistant Professor of Law at Florida State University College of Law, where he teaches and writes in the areas of election law, constitutional law, remedies, and the federal courts. Before joining FSU Law in 2018, Professor Morley was an associate professor at Barry University School of Law. He previously held numerous positions in both private practice and government, including as special assistant at the Office of the General Counsel, Department of the Army; clerk for Judge Gerald B. Tjoflat of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit; and as an associate at Winston & Strawn, LLP, in Washington, D.C.

Derek T. Muller is a Professor of Law at the Pepperdine University Rick J. Caruso School of Law. This spring, he is a Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Notre Dame Law School. This fall, he will join the University of Iowa College of Law faculty. His research and writing focus on election law, particularly federalism and the role of states in the administration of elections.

Genevieve Nadeau currently serves as Counsel at Protect Democracy. Before joining Protect Democracy, Genevieve spent more than seven years in the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office in various leadership roles, including as Chief of the Civil Rights Division and State Enforcement Counsel. She was responsible for leading a team charged with enforcing a wide range of state and federal civil rights laws and for litigating a variety of affirmative impact cases in state and federal court, as well as other initiatives. Genevieve also served in the Office of the General Counsel at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and spent several years at private law firms, including Paul Hastings LLP, representing clients in employment litigation and related matters. She received her J.D. from Stanford Law School.

Adav Noti is Senior Director for Trial Litigation and Chief of Staff at the Campaign Legal Center. He directs CLC’s strategic litigation and has conducted dozens of constitutional election-law cases in district courts, courts of appeals, and the United States Supreme Court. As Chief of Staff, Adav also coordinates all of CLC's programmatic activities, overseeing efforts to reform the campaign finance system, protect voting rights, ensure fair redistricting, and promote government ethics. Prior to joining CLC, Adav served for more than ten years in the Office of General Counsel of the Federal Election Commission, including as Associate General Counsel for Policy from 2013 to 2017.

Norman ('Norm') J. Ornstein is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where he studies politics, elections, and the US Congress. He is a cohost of AEI’s Election Watch series, a contributing editor and columnist for National Journal and The Atlantic, a BBC News election analyst, and the chairman of the Campaign Legal Center. Dr. Ornstein previously served as co-director of the AEI-Brookings Election Reform Project and senior counselor to the Continuity of Government Commission. His many writings include the books One Nation After Trump: A Guide for the Perplexed, the Disillusioned, the Desperate, and the Not-Yet Deported, with E. J. Dionne and Thomas E. Mann (St. Martin’s Press, 2017); and It’s Even Worse Than It Looks: How the American Constitutional System Collided with the New Politics of Extremism. Dr. Ornstein was elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2004.

Richard H. Pildes is Sudler Family Professor of Constitutional Law at New York University School of Law. He is one of the nation’s leading scholars of constitutional law and a specialist in legal issues affecting democracy. Professor Pildes is a Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Law Institute, and has received recognition as a Guggenheim Fellow and a Carnegie Scholar. His acclaimed casebook, The Law of Democracy: Legal Structure of the Political Process (now in its fourth edition), helped create an entirely new field of study in the law schools. He has written extensively on the rise of political polarization in the United States, the Voting Rights Act, the dysfunction of America’s political processes, the role of the Supreme Court in overseeing American democracy, the powers of the American President and Congress, and he has criticized excessively “romantic” understandings of democracy. Prior to his academic career, he clerked for Judge Abner J. Mikva of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and for Justice Thurgood Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court.

Bertrall Ross is Chancellor’s Professor of Law at the University of California Berkeley School of Law, where he teaches and writes in the areas of election law, legislation, and constitutional law. His research interests are driven by a normative concern about democratic responsiveness and a methodological approach that integrates political theory and empirical social science into discussions of legal doctrine, the institutional role of courts, and democratic design. In election law, he is examining the constitutional dimensions and the structural sources of the marginalization of the poor in the American political process. Prior to joining the Berkeley Law community, Professor Ross was a Kellis Parker Academic Fellow at Columbia Law School. He clerked for Judge Dorothy Nelson of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Court and Judge Myron Thompson of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama.

Dakota S. Rudesill is Assistant Professor of Law at The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law, where he teaches and writes in the areas of legislation and national security. He is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of National Security Law and Policy, and he is Chair of the National Security Section of the American Association of Law Schools (AALS). Professor Rudesill has advised senior leaders in all three branches of the federal government. In the U.S. Senate, he spent nine years doing national security legislative work for the Senate Budget Committee and Senator Kent Conrad. In the Executive Branch, he served in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), and on the President’s Detention Policy Task Force at the U.S. Department of Justice. In the Judicial Branch, Professor Rudesill was a law clerk to James B. Loken, Chief Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.

Larry Schwartztol is Counsel at Protect Democracy, where he engages in litigation and other advocacy to defend and strengthen democratic norms and institutions. Before joining Protect Democracy in 2017, he was the inaugural executive director of the Criminal Justice Policy Program at Harvard Law School. Prior to that, he spent nearly eight years as an attorney with the national office of the ACLU, where he litigated cases involving race discrimination, economic justice, police practices, educational equity, and a wide array of national security issues. Before his time at the ACLU, he was a Liman Fellow at the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law. He clerked for Judge Harry T. Edwards of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.

Kate Shaw is a Professor of Law at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, where her work focuses on executive power, the law of democracy, the Supreme Court, and reproductive rights and justice. She is also a contributor with ABC News, co-host of the Supreme Court podcast Strict Scrutiny, and a member of the National Task Force on Election Crises. Before joining Cardozo, she worked in the Obama White House Counsel’s Office and served as a law clerk to Justice John Paul Stevens of the United States Supreme Court and Judge Richard A. Posner of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.

Paul M. Smith is Vice President for Litigation and Strategy at the Campaign Legal Center, which works to improve and protect American democracy through litigation and policy advocacy. He is also a Professor from Practice at Georgetown Law School, where he teaches election law and constitutional law. A veteran litigator, he has argued 21 cases in the U.S. Supreme Court, including a number of important cases involving elections and voting rights.

Daniel P. Tokaji is Charles W. Ebersold and Florence Whitcomb Ebersold Professor of Constitutional Law at The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law, where he also serves as Associate Dean for Faculty. Professor Tokaji is an authority on the law of elections and democracy, and his scholarship addresses questions of voting rights, racial justice, free speech, and the role of the courts in American democracy. Professor Tokaji is the author of Election Law in a Nutshell (2d ed. 2016), and co-author of Election Law: Cases and Materials (6th ed. 2017) and The New Soft Money (2014). He has written numerous articles and book chapters on a wide variety of election and voting issues, including voting rights, voter ID, voter registration, redistricting, and campaign finance regulation. Before arriving at OSU, he was a staff attorney with the ACLU Foundation of Southern California and Chair of California Common Cause. He clerked for Judge Stephen Reinhardt of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Franita Tolson is Professor of Law and Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs at the University of Southern California Gould School of Law. Her scholarship and teaching are focused on the areas of election law, constitutional law, legal history, and employment discrimination. She has written on a wide range of topics including partisan gerrymandering, campaign finance reform, the Elections Clause, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. Her forthcoming book, In Congress We Trust?: The Evolution of Federal Voting Rights Enforcement from the Founding to the Present, will be published in 2020 by Cambridge University Press. Prior to joining the USC Gould faculty, Tolson was the Betty T. Ferguson Professor of Voting Rights at Florida State University College of Law. She clerked for Judge Ann Claire Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and Judge Ruben Castillo of U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.