The birth of a hurricane: Tropical Disturbance, only slight circulation of area of low pressure. they commonly exist in the tropical trade winds and are often accompanied by clouds and rain. If winds increase to at least 20 knots, a disturbance is upgraded to a tropical depression. Surface wind speeds vary between 20 and 34 knots; a drop in pressure in the center of the storm. Then becomes Tropical Storm if sustained wind speeds increase to at least 35 knots. Surface wind speeds vary between 35 and 64 knots and the storm becomes more organized. Tropical storms resemble the appearance of hurricanes due to the intensified circulation. A tropical storm becomes a hurricane when sustained wind speeds exceed 64 knots. A pronounced rotation develops around the central core as spiral rain bands rotate around the eye of the storm. The heaviest precipitation and strongest winds are associated with the eye wall.
Hurricane season starts on June 1st and ends on November 30th. The time where Hurricanes are most common are through August-September. (peak) higher sea surface temperature causes stronger hurricanes.
Hurricanes are steered by trade winds that blow in the tropics from east to west. they carry hurricanes,tropical storms and tropical depressions from east to west.
The temperature of Hurricane Rita varied between 80 degrees F through 92 degrees F. The place where Hurricane Rita formed was near the Bahamas coming from a tropical wave and very strong winds. It begins curving towards the Northwest area, ending there.
Starting location of Hurricane Rita
Development of Hurricane Rita
Hurricane Rita originally developed off the coast of West Africa. it was titled as a tropical cyclone at first but after about 12 hours it turned into a tropical storm. (a more cooled down hurricane, not as intense.)
Category 1(wind speed 75-95 mph) - very dangerous, storm will produce a lot of damage, will cause power outage and stopple smaller trees and roof damage to some homes.
Category 2 (69-110 mph) - extremely dangerous; will also cause (major)roof damage and total power outage. Hurricane would knock over trees and cause some road blockage.
Category 3 (111-129 mph) - devastating damage, will also produce roof damage and fallen trees will cause road block. Water and power outage.
Category 4 (130-157 mph) - catastrophic damage. Storm will severely damage homes. Trees and poles could be uprooted. Power could be out for weeks to months.
Category 5 (157 mph and above ) - high percentage of homes will be destroyed. Fallen trees and power lines causing power outage for weeks to months. Most area will be uninhabitable after storm.
Hurricane rita as started tropical wave moved off the West coast of Africa on September 7, 2005.
It didn't start to make waves until it merged with the active remnants of a cold front north of Puerto Rico ten days later. then it began to organize and was declared a tropical depression on 18 September at about 70 miles east of Grand Turk. The storm the turned into a tropical storm later on that day and remained one for two days. On 20 September, Tropical Storm Rita strengthened into a hurricane over the Florida Straits and continued to intensify rapidly as it moved into the Gulf of Mexico.
Hurricane Rita grew from a tropical storm and into a powerful Category 5 hurricane in less than 36 hours, with a peak intensity of 178 mph winds. Rita then abruptly weakened to Category 4 hurricane at wind speeds of 144mph. Due to southwest winds and slightly cooler waters, Rita continued to weaken on September 23rd. Hurricane Rita made landfall about 161 miles southeast of Sabine Pass at the Texas/Louisiana border. On September 24th she was a Category 3 hurricane with winds of 115 mph.
This hurricane cost about $12 billion USD in damage. Hurricane Rita was responsible for 120 deaths though some were actually associated evacuation efforts. Southwest Louisiana and counties in Southeast Texas where Rita made landfall suffered from catastrophic-to-severe flooding and wind damage.