ADHD What it is and what it isn't

Facts about ADHD...

1) most common neurodevelopment disorder of childhood
2) usually diagnosed in children
3) have trouble paying attention, controlling impulse behaviors, and overly active
Symptoms include: daydreaming a lot, forgetfulness, losing different items, squirm, fidget, talk too much, make careless mistakes, take unnecessary risks, have a hard time resisting temptation, trouble taking turns, have difficulty getting along with other students

The causes and risk factors for ADHD are UNKOWN, but current research shows that genetics play an important role. Some of these causes could be.. brain injury, exposure to environmental factors in pregnancy or at a young age, alcohol or tobacco use in pregnancy, premature delivery, low birth weight.

Diagnosis: There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, but there are several steps.

  1. Medical exam- including hearing and vision test
  2. A checklist of rating ADHD symptoms and taking a history of the child from parents, teachers and in some cases the child itself
  3. Healthcare professionals use guidelines in the American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5th edition to help diagnose

TREATMENT:

Behavior therapy, medications, school accommodations, interventions

Current Stats- Approx. 11% of children 4-17 yrs old (6.4million) have ever been diagnosed with ADHD as of 2011. And about 3 and 4 children ages 2-5 with ADHD receive ADHD medicine and only half or fewer receive psychological services

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