How does the RPCA help West Africa and the Sahel fight hunger and why?
The RPCA helps West Africa and the Sahel fight hunger by helping everyone speak the same language, to make it more organized, and this organization was formed because of the droughts of '73,'84, and '85.
What is the RPCA?
What Kind of Problems were/are Encountered?
A lack of organization during the droughts caused many problems. For instance, the lack of organization led to people struggling to make meals. "People reacted in a way that was not organized. Each country and development agency had it’s own strategy. The aid did not take into account local food habits.When you bring rice, wheat flour or milk to people who don’t use/ know these products, they are unable to prepare meals.” (RPCA) The lack of organization led to people receiving food they have never eaten before, and had no idea how to prepare a meal with these items. A lack of organization also led to not enough aid, and only certain areas received aid, and not other areas. "The aid was only distributed to towns, not the countryside." (RPCA video)
How Were These Problems Solved?
These problems were each solved in a different way. The RPCA was formed to help everyone speak the same language so that everyone can understand each other, and solve the others' problems. The RPCA created a Food Aid Charter, which was the forerunner to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. The RPCA has also pledged "Zero Hunger" by 2030. More initiative has been taken for a security policy with sharper focus on productivity boosters, addition of valves, and assuring better return for farmers.
What Impact does the RPCA Have on Food Security in West Africa?
It has decreased malnutrition and food insecurity in West Africa and the Sahel by 60%. It has urged Western Africa and people in the Sahel to not constrain their local production and to not disturb the market. The RPCA views how governments are planning to help their people with food insecurity, and tells them how they can improve.
Why Does This Matter to Us?
This matters to us because others are suffering, and if we don't help them, it will spread all around the world. Helping out others will do us a favor in the future: it will convince other countries to help us in our time of need, because we helped them in theirs. When we help others, we show that we are united. Do we really want everyone not having someone else's back?