The Life of John Locke
- John Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in Wrington, United Kingdom.
- He was born to Puritan parents, so he as well was a Puritan.
- Since his family was very wealthy, he received a good education at West Minister School and then ended up going to Christ's Church in Oxford. This was one of the most distinguished schools in Oxford.
- In 1674 Locke graduated Christ's Church with a bachelors in medicine.
- He was a philosopher and a physician and while he was a physician he became good friends with one of his clients, the earl of Shaftesbury.
- He was a big influence on Locke's career and personal opinions.
- John Locke was involved a rebellion to the king, and for this reason was exiled for a while, but while he was exiled finished his book, The Essay. This was published when he returned to England.
- He also helped steer the resurrection of the board of trade.
- Locke had battled health conflicts his entire life and in 1704 he died in Essex, United Kingdom.
This is the school, Christ's Church, where Locke received his education.
John Locke's Enlightenment Ideas
- The Enlightenment was a new intellectual movement that stressed reason, thought, and power of individuals to solve problems.
- It all started off with the ideas and thought of two important English thinkers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
- The two together, formed a new understanding for all aspects of society that included government, religion, education, and economics.
- Locke, unlike Hobbe's, believed that all people had three natural rights which were "life, liberty, and property." He believed the government should protect all of these rights and if they didn't, their people could turn on them and overthrow them.
- He also wrote The Essay and Two Treatises of Government.
- The Essay explains Locke's theory that people gain knowledge from personal experience.
The Legacy of John Locke's Ideas
Above is the title page for a book that John wrote that promoted the progress of science and art.
- One of John Locke's biggest legacies that he left with the United States would definitely be his impact on the Declaration of Independence.
- Locke's book, Two Treatises of Government, left a major impact on the Declaration of Independence and on the Constitution of the United States.
- His idea that all people are born free and that all of us have the right to life, liberty, and estate had a big influence on modern political thinking.
- These thoughts are very similar to what is now in the United States Declaration of Independence which states that all people have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
- He also started the foundation of modern democracy by saying that the government would not have any power without the citizens.
- This is truly amazing how Locke's ideas have made a mark on our country's history after all of these years.
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Ketchem, Ralph, "The Enlightenment." Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies, edited by Jacob Earnest Cooke, vol. 3, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993. U.S. History in Context. Accessed 29 Jan. 2017.
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