Change in the world 1650-1815 Brunie Quant EUH2001

Francisco de Goya (1746-1828)

A Spanish artist that work through with many different monarchs during his life.

The 2nd of May 1808 in Madrid or “The Fight against the Mamelukes” GOYA Y LUCIENTES, FRANCISCO DE Copyright ©Museo Nacional del Prado

Some of his most famous works include The Second of May 1808 (Pictured Above) and The Third of May 1808 (Seen Now). To prove his loyalties he depicted these two paintings of Spain's uprising against the French.

The 3rd of May 1808 in Madrid or “The Executions” GOYA Y LUCIENTES, FRANCISCO DE Copyright ©Museo Nacional del Prado

This painting came late in Goya's career where he depicts his horror and disapproval of the war occurring. This work was part of a series and was not known about until after Goya's death due to his unpopular opinion.

Plate 26 from 'The Disasters of War' (Los Desastres de la Guerra): 'One can't look.' (No se puede mirar.)

Cite: Voorhies, James. “Francisco de Goya (1746–1828) and the Spanish Enlightenment.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. (October 2003)

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu

Lady Mary's letters give us a unique inside into the society of the upper class during this time period. Mary was different in that she choose her own husband and was very educated. She learned many different languages through her life time and it helped her to write letter that we gain knowledge from to this day.

Cite:The Letters and Works of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu.Edited by her great grandson, Lord Wharncliffe.Paris: A. and W. Galignani & Co., 1837.

Encounters with French Natural History 1790-1830 Exhibit

The exhibit includes many important artifacts from this time period such as, "Music for Elephants", a section of the exhibits that documents the two live elephants that were taken to Paris as spoils of war and the start of paleontology.

My favorite from the above pictures is the painting of Empress Josephine and her significance to Western Civilization during this time.


Instructor Commentary

One of the most important points from the instructor commentary is Mary Wollstonecraft.

Mary Wollstonecraft was the author of Vindication of the Rights of Women. During this time period it was unheard of for a woman to write a book going against what was said by a man. She believed that education was important for everyone regardless of their sex.

"I wish to show that elegance is inferior to virtue, that the first object of laudable ambition is to obtain a character as a human being, regardless of the distinction of sex, and that secondary views should be brought to this simple touchstone…”


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