Plate Motion by Emma Bell

Boundaries

The earth has 4 sections the inner core, the outer core, the mantle and the crust. The crust is made out of tectonic plates, that shift and move around. when the plates move around they form many different types of land forms. There are three types of boundaries these plates can have, Transform, Convergent, and Divergent Boundaries.

Convergent Boundaires

Convergent boundaries create mountains, earthquakes Oceanic Trenches, and Volcanic arcs
when the cars hit each other it represents convergent boundaries and compression because they collide into each other crumbling.

When two plates come together they have a Convergent Boundary. The stress that is formed from Convergent boundaries is called compressionwhen two Continental plates are convergent One plate moves toward the other, they collide and crumble. This forms mountains and causes earthquakes.

The Mariana Trench is the deepest point in the earths crust.

When an Oceanic plate collides with a Continental plate it forms oceanic trenches, and Volcanic arcs.

The Himalayan mountains are located in India, China, Nepal, Bhutan. the mountains were formed when the Indian plate collided into the Eurasian plate.
The Great Alaska Earthquake happened on March 27th 1964, with a magnitude of 9.2, happened because the Pacific plate and the Northern America plate collided, and shook the earth. the earthquake triggered a tsunami, only 5 people died.

Divergent Boundaries

Divergent Boundaries created The Mid-Ocean Ridge Volcanoes Earthquakes and Continental Rifts
Tug a War represents Divergent Boundaries because each sided of the rope is moving away from each other. there is a lot of tension in the rope.

When two plates move away from each other it is called Divergent Boundaries. The pressure that Divergent Boundaries have is called Tension. When two Oceanic plates move apart, magma emerges and dries to create new crust, this happens in the Mid Ocean Ridge. Earthquakes and Volcanoes are also results of Divergent Boundaries.

This is after the earthquake in Haiti, 2010.

When Tow Continental plates move apart this causes Continental rifts to form, Volcanoes to form and earthquakes to occur.

This Is the Sakurajima eruption in Japan. this happened on January 22nd 2011. before the eruption 35 people died of an earthquake from the volcano. The island grew and engulfed many small islands after the volcano erupted.

Transform Boundaries

Transform Boundaries form Transform faults, fault zones, and cause earthquakes
Glaciers represent shear stress because they slide past each other. they don't slide by smoothly because their is rough sides. this represent why earthquakes occur because of shear pressure.

Transform Boundaries occur when two plates slid past each other. The type of pressure Transform boundaries have is called shear pressure.

On October 17, 1989 an earthquake of a magnitude of 6.9 killed 67 people. this was caused because the Pacific Plate slid past each other and make the earth shake. this is an example of shear pressure.

The earth has 4 sections the inner core, the outer core, the mantle and the crust. The crust is made out of tectonic plates, that shift and move around. when the plates move around they form many different types of land forms. There are three types of boundaries these plates can have, Transform, Convergent, and Divergent Boundaries.

Credits:

Created with images by skeeze - "volcano halema‘uma‘u lava lake sunset" • fortmyersfl - "#earth" • Tim Pearce, Los Gatos - "Maddie & Ollie May 2006 087" • NASA Goddard Photo and Video - "Scotland" • Pixel-mixer - "crash test collision 60 km h" • Mudkipz_KGM - "Mariana trench, Pacific Ocean" • chiaoyinanita - "nepal basecamp himalayas" • Devanath - "temple rishikesh india" • Sharada Prasad - "Kalindi - The fiery mountain" • confused_me - "manali himalayas quiet" • lns1122 - "Memorial to 1964 Earthquake" • NASA ICE - "Geikie Rock and Ice" • Pexels - "mouth panorama panoramic" • NYCMarines - "Pull" • newbeatphoto - "haiti_postearthquake13" • Pavel ahmed - "Sakurajima eruption 22nd Jan, 2011" • Hitchster - "Fault scarp" • dsearls - "2013_06_25-26_syd-akl-lax-iad-ewr_091" • kylewest - "Hubbard Glacier Calving" • CIRonline - "San Francisco earthquake and fire, 1906" • Wicker Paradise - "Whitehaven Beach @ Australia admired by our rattan furniture designers."

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