The issue of income inequality in India has been present for thousands of years. This is due to the caste system, a social ranking system, which not only creates a division between people socially, but also economically. The families that are part of the upper classes are able to earn more money because they are given special privileges that the lower classes don't receive. The lower class families can't change their position in the caste system unless they die and are reborn (Dominguez).
Wage Gap by countries - the higher the bar is the bigger the gap is.
WHy change hasn't come
Even though Ghandi successfully freed India from the British rule, he was not able to change the income gap in India.
Population growth, migration, success of the elite, and a lack of political will are all factors preventing the economic gap to diminish. Population growth continues to create more unimployed people in India, thus increasing the number of poor families. Many of these low income families can't afford to send their kids to school forcing their children to also enroll in a low income job. Many of the upper class families are able to send their kids to school and they succeed and are able to enroll in the highest payroll jobs.
Many of the politicians didn't want to make any change to reduce the income gap. Instead they continued to wash aside the important issue of the income inequality gap (Hartley).
Income gap is linked to higher infant mortality rate, shorter life expectancy, and a widening student achievement gap. Because low income families can't afford proper health care, their life expectancy is reduced and for their new born babies the death rate is steadily increasing. These low income families can't afford to send their children to school while the higher income families can. The higher income families are becoming more and more prosperous because of a line of education that the lower income people do not have (Hartly).
The minimum wage in India is 3 cents per hour while in America it is 7.28 dollars an hour (Worstall). The average wage per month of an Indian is 295 dollars while for an American it is 3,769 dollars (12 times more than in India)(Government).
Shri Singh, a political leader and activist, has said that a number of schemes and plans have been initialized to help the government equalize the income gap. These plans include trying to double the wages of farmers by 2025 (Gale).
The Global Rjasthan Agritech Conference has two prominent goals. One is to create a path for technological advancements in agriculture and to help bring forward the best methods for farming and to help the farming community be more efficient. The Conference is trying to teach farmers how to ship their products to the rest of the world (Gale).
Prada Mantri Kristin Sinchayee Yogana is a plan formulated by the government to expand agricultural lands. This will increase the amount of produce that the farmers are harvesting allowing them to sell more and earn more money. This plan will help decrease the wage gap (Gale).
Gale - Link:http://think.galegroup.com/ic/gic/NewsDetailsPage/NewsDetailsWindow?disableHighlighting=false&displayGroupName=News&currPage=&scanId=&query=&source=&prodId=GIC&search_within_results=&p=GIC%3AOVIC&mode=view&catId=&u=nysl_me_horman&limiter=&display-query=&displayGroups=&contentModules=&action=e&sortBy=&documentId=GALE%7CA470081459&windowstate=normal&activityType=&failOverType=&commentary= Gale database accession:GALE|A470081459
Asit K Biswas and Kirs Hartley - link:http://thediplomat.com/2015/11/the-economic-risks-of-indias-wealth-inequality/.
Mazumbaru Srinivas and Gabriel Dominguez Linl:http://www.dw.com/en/what-is-driving-inequality-in-india/a-18998489.