Hydroelectricity BY: rAZIN hOSSAIN

What strategies are industries using to sustain better and higher quality use of hydroelectricity, while being able to earn a high profit?

First of all new improved technology must be used. Mechanical and technological changes are a key factor to success. A safer workplace to make sure employees have a great workplace.Let's not forget Speed and management are increased with better and improved tech. Not to mention new tech allows workers to serve lower loads and higher peaks. Mechanical and technological changes to hydro fleet increase their value and and are safe.
Another strategy industries are using is operational Improvements. Markets could also be adjusted to allow hydropower to compete as a flexible reserve to manage variability and decrease cycling of thermal plants. Again, there is a net value added from increasing the use of flexible reserves, although the monetary trade-off between decreasing wear-and-tear on thermal plants and increasing use of hydropower plants is unclear. Another operational change could be compensating hydropower for providing reliability and security to the grid, which would increase income to each plant by about 40 percent.
Lastly industries are taking advantage to Electricity Market Opportunities.Sub-hourly scheduling encourages wider participation and flexibility compensation, all things being equal, these changes could lower electricity prices by 5 percent.Independent Systems Operators (ISO’s) scheduling hydropower resources over several hours or days would also allow for optimization of hydropower in the context of other resources. This fixed-schedule approach could increase profits from plants between 63 and 77 percent.

Who are our trade partners and what patterns are there in imports and exports of hydroelectric power for of the economy?

U.S.A. About 397,061.7 exports and 363,054.4 imports altogether.Electricty imports and exports sales.Canada and the United States (U.S.) have been electricity trading partners for more than 100 years.The amount of electricity available for export changes year-to-year in response to domestic demand, outages, precipitation levels which impact hydroelectric generation and other factors.Many provinces have high reserve margins.Surplus generating capacity, and lower Canadian electricity consumption overall, have given rise to, or increased, surplus generating capacity in some markets, as a result, more electricity was available to be exported in 2015.Canada benefits from electricity trade in many ways,by being able to rely on generation in adjacent U.S. jurisdictions, Canadian provinces are able to avoid the costs of building extra generation that may sit idle except at peak times.Opportunities to offset costs and optimize revenue are created when market participants have access to adjacent markets without having to spend capital on additional infrastructure.

What are the roles and responsibility of people in promoting hydroelectric power?

First of all tech must be up to date and handing out the best quality electricity they make. Affordable prices is what people look for all the time.Great service as in think about the customer more, can get people to use more hydroelectricity more.The industry must show that their electricity will work the best. References and good reviews so it can attract more people.Innovation and Advocacy as in something new to blow someone’s mind and advocacy as in to support people for the company.

Where is hydroelectricity produced in Canada? Why is this the best region for hydro electricity?

90% of BC Hydro’s generation is produced by hydroelectricity.As of March 31, 2013, Manitoba Hydro serves a peak Manitoba electrical load more than 4500 megawatts. Electrical supply to Manitoba customers was 21.5 terawatt-hours in fiscal 2013.Ontario Hydro has 40% hydroelectricity and 60% nuclear-powered facilities.Canada uses the second most amount of hydroelectric power only to China.Well these regions use the most amount of hydroelectricity so it is only logical that these regions are the best places for hydroelectricity not to mention the best hydroelectricity.Ontario, BC,Quebec, And Manitoba have the most amount of hydroelectric dams.
Centrale Robert-Bourassa Location: James Bay, Quebec Construction to opening: 1974 to 1981 Cost: $3.8 billion Annual production: 26,500 gigawatt hours
-La Grande-2A, -3 and -4 -Location: James Bay, Quebec -Construction and opening: 1974 to 1986 -Cost: just under $20 billion -Annual Production: 2,106 MW for 2A; 2,417 MW for 3; 2,779 MW for 4 -Owner: Hydro-Quebéc -James Bay is home to 11 hydroelectric projects, including La Grande-2A, -3 and -4, the largest of the group, the La Grande projects are constructed on the Grand River in northwestern Quebec and divert waters from neighbouring rivers into the projects' watershed, covering a combined area the size of New York State, the James Bay Project has a combined 16,527-MW capacity. -La Grande-4 is Canada’s third largest hydroelectric project, the dam stands 125 metres high, spans 3,800 metres and has a spillway capacity of 7,335 cubic metres per second
WAC Bennett Dam Location: Hudson’s Hope, B.C. Construction to opening: 1963 to 1968 Cost: $750 million Installed capacity: 2,876 MW Owner: BC Hydro At 183 metres high, the WAC Bennet Dam on the Peace River is one of the world’s highest earth-filled dams. It spans 2,068 metres to create Williston Lake, Canada’s third largest artificial lake.

What is the renewability and non-renewability of hydroelectric power?

Turbines and generators capture and convert that energy into electricity(water), which is then put into the electrical grid “The water itself is not reduced or used up in the process, and because it is an endless, constantly recharging system, hydropower is defined as a renewable energy by the Environmental Protection Agency.”Logically it is a renewable source since you can use that water over and over again, and yet that water is not polluted or used or anything it stays the same.

What is the convenience of using hydroelectricity?

Hydropower is fueled by water, so it's a clean fuel source, meaning it won't pollute the air like power plants that burn fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, it’s basically environment friendly.Hydroelectric power is a domestic source of energy, allowing each state to produce their own energy without being reliant on international fuel sources. Hydropower is only reliable on water, which is driven by the sun, making it a renewable power source, making it a more reliable and affordable source than fossil fuels that are rapidly being depleted.Impoundment hydropower creates reservoirs that offer a variety of recreational opportunities, notably fishing, swimming, and boating. Most water power installations are required to provide some public access to the reservoir to allow the public to take advantage of these opportunities.In addition to a sustainable fuel source, hydropower efforts produce a number of benefits, such as flood control, irrigation, and water supply. “Canadian hydropower provides a clean, renewable and reliable source of electricity with no air pollution and close to zero greenhouse gas emissions.” Not to mention tens of thousands of jobs are supported every year by the hydropower industry, This benefits local communities, but also the Canadian economy at large.

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