Elements and Principles Keira JOhnson

Elements of art

Line is expressing the flow of the piece. Line variety includes a "mash-up" of different types of lines such as, diagonal, wavy, straight, spirals, zig-zag etc. This artist uses line to weave you, the observer, in and out of their piece. You follow each line and then pick up on a new line. They used wavy lines, thick lines, thin lines, and curved lines.
Shape is defined as a two dimensional object in a piece of art. There are two basic types of shapes that are used, geometrical and organic. Geometric shapes are harsh shapes with hard edges and lines. Whereas organic shapes are more free and soft, the lines aren't straight and hard. This artist used a combination of both. He used harsh shapes with really straight lines and also really free and original shapes.
Value is the lightness and/or darkness of a drawing or painting. This is achieved by the hardness of your pencil or the amount of white or black in your paint. This artist uses value very well by adding the highlight of the glass ball, and the shadows or his background and the crevices in his hand. Value makes it look almost three dimensional and very realistic.
Color is the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.There are three properties to color. The first is hue, which simply means the name we give to a color. The second property is intensity, which refers to the vividness of the color.The third and final property of color is its value, meaning how light or dark it is. This artist uses color by adding complementary colors on either side of the face. Complementary colors are colors that are across from each other on the color wheel. They also make the colors in certain places more intense or vivid.
Texture is used to describe either the way a work actually feels when touched, or the depiction of textures in works, as for example in a painter's rendering of fur. The feeling or look of the art work. The artist of this painting used texture with harsh, bright lines in the wheat field to make it look as if there was real corn or wheat in the field, instead of a boring field or yellow.
Form is a works shape, including its volume or perceived volume. Formalism is the analysis of works by their form or shapes in art history or archaeology. In this piece the distortion of form, color and composition to express the artist's overriding mood, emotion and psychological state.
Space is an area that an artist provides for a particular purpose. Space includes the background, foreground and middle ground, and refers to the distances or areas around, between, and within things. There are two kinds of space, negative space and positive space. Negative space is the area in between, around, through or within an object. Positive spaces are the areas that are occupied by an object or form. This artist uses the enormous cypress tree in the foreground helps the viewer better understand the composition of this piece.

Principles of design

Movement is the path the viewer’s eye takes through the work of art, often to focal areas. Such movement can be directed along lines, edges, shape, and color within the work of art. In this piece the artist uses the movement as the main focal piece. The person walking down the stairs is taken as a stopmotion piece. It adds movement because your eyes follow the body as it is walking down the stairs.
Rhythm is created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement. Rhythm creates a mood like music or dancing. To keep rhythm exciting and active, variety is essential. The artist uses rhythm in her piece by having the free flowing lines. They all seem to add a "melody" to the piece .
Balance is the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space. If the design was a scale, these elements should be balanced to make a design feel stable. In symmetrical balance, the elements used on one side of the design are similar to those on the other side; in asymmetrical balance, the sides are different but still look balanced. In radial balance, the elements are arranged around a central point and may be similar. The piece is representational and has asymmetrical balance. Overlapping figures create a sense of compressed space.
Unity is the feeling of harmony between all parts of the work of art, which creates a sense of completeness. This piece uses unity because all of the colors are very similar and all of the other elements blend together seamlessly because of the color scheme and unity.
Emphasis is the part of the design that catches the viewer’s attention. Usually the artist will make one area stand out by contrasting it with other areas. The area could be different in size, color, texture, shape, etc. In this piece the artist puts great emphasis on the face with lighter and brighter colors. The rest of the body it in dull, dark colors. The background is also very dark. Also the highlight on the earring is very drawing.
Contrast is simply defined as difference. Difference between art elements like color, value, size, texture, and so on can intensify the elements used. As a result, the elements used in a work of art can become more powerful. Although contrast is closely related with variety, it is usually considered a principle of art. This artist uses contrast very well. The overwhelming amount of dark colors portrays sadness. The darks are very harsh and the background is a very strong white to off set the painting.


Created with images by hiddencitykate - "Sketchbook page, succulents in Palm Springs"

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