Space is an area that an artist provides for a particular purpose. Space includes the background, foreground and middle ground, and refers to the distances or areas around, between, and within things. There are two kinds of space, negative space and positive space. Negative space is the area in between, around, through or within an object. Positive spaces are the areas that are occupied by an object or form. This artist uses the enormous cypress tree in the foreground helps the viewer better understand the composition of this piece.