The Coriolis Effect
The deflection of objects moving in an longitudinal direction. The objects will move slightly with the Earths rotation.
Global Wind Belts
Global wind patterns are "split up" into section according to lattitudes.
The equator is the center of wind flow. It is where the hot air rises its highest.
An area halfway between the equator and the poles. They are where the winds are calm. It acts the same way as the doldrums.