Jim Crow By:andres calderon

George Zimmerman killed one boy, 17-year-old Trayvon Martin. Although a Florida jury found Zimmerman not guilty, his attitude — that a young black male is an object suspicion and contempt — not only cost Martin his life but has infected the entire United States criminal justice system. It is the Zimmerman mindset that must be found guilty — far more than the man himself. It is a mindset that views black men and boys as nothing but a threat, good for nothing, up to no good no matter who they are or what they are doing. It is the Zimmerman mindset that has birthed a penal system unprecedented in world history, and relegated millions to a permanent undercaste.

Legum, Judd. "Six Million Trayvons: How The George Zimmerman Mindset Has Rigged The Justice System Against Young Black Men." ThinkProgress. ThinkProgress, 23 Sept. 2016. Web. 07 Feb. 2017

During our book to kill a mockingbird Atticus takes a case defending a black male. Everyone asks him why'd he take it because he's gonna loose everybody knows it even the black individual. He says even though he knows the court system is rigged and is controlled by a white jury he can win. This shows minus the part that he thinks he'll win that the court system is most definitely rigged. Everybody in the town us racists and is saying it's common sense he's gonna loose. If they all know that, that means it's happened before and it's common

The criminal courts are the institutions least affected by the Civil Rights Movement. Throughout history, from slavery, to convict leasing, to lynchings, to Jim Crow, to mass incarceration, the criminal courts have played a primary role in the oppression of people of color. Race is a dominant factor in everything from police stops to the many discretionary decisions made in the court system to the exclusion of racial minorities from positions in the system. Poor people accused of crimes are often denied lawyers or assigned incompetent lawyers who leave them defenseless in cases where the lives, liberty or property is at stake.

Dartmouth Events." Rigged: When Race & Poverty Determine Outcomes in Death Penalty & Criminal Cases | Dartmouth News. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017.

Because of Jim Crow laws Africans were not aloud to work many different types of jobs. Usually the jobs would be very low income or not very safe. And with limited transportation it was very difficult for them to get to work. This did not allow them to take best possible care of their families.

"Jim Crow." Jim Crow. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2017.

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African Americans were meant to sign labor contracts, which were illegal to break. They could not go to different states to work, and the law made it illegal to be out of work. This made it very hard for them to try to get better and higher paying jobs. These limits made it almost like slavery.

"Jim Crow, Racism, and the Free Market." Capitalism Magazine. N.p., 29 Jan. 2013. Web. 13 Feb. 2017.

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African Americans did not have access to a lot of government programs that provided financial aid. But that were available to whites. This limited their ability to buy homes or create businesses keeping them dependent on the white economy.

"Reconstruction, Jim Crow, and the Civil Rights Era." Tracing Center. N.p., 11 Feb. 2015. Web. 13 Feb. 2017.

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In a handout on haiku called the Jim Crow summary it states everything African Americans have to do when around whites. They have to walk in the street when a white is on the sidewalk, they have to hold the door open, they aren't aloud to serve white people at a restaurant. They are seen below white and have to do unnecessary things to avoid death.

A white many taped a letter to a black mans door that said you aren't aloud to yell in your house and you need to behave with manners. He threatened to call the police next time. This to me said that since the man was white he could tell the black man what to do and saying you have to behave this way because I said so.

Eilperin, Juliet. "‘Learn Your Manners,’ a White Man Wrote to His Black Neighbor. This Was the Response." The Washington Post. WP Company, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2017.

Blacks when interacting with whites could not offer their hands to shake or light a cigarette of a white girl or show affection to his or her spouse. This shows to me that whites were controlling every part of them and telling me how to act.

What Was Jim Crow." Jim Crow Museum: Origins of Jim Crow. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2017

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