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Spoken vs. Written Discourse Benjamin L. Stewart, phd

Why does it matter?

  • Getting hired for a job position (Written or spoken... and why?)
  • Getting fired from a job (Written or spoken... and why?)
  • Breaking up with someone (Written or spoken... and why?)
  • Applying for a job (Written or spoken... and why?)
  • Getting accepted into the university (Written or spoken... and why?)
  • Finding out where someone lives (Written or spoken... and why?)
  • Hiring a wedding band (Written or spoken... and why?)

Pronunciation

Say the following: "I want to go to the party."

How do spoken and written discourse differ?

An exchange

initiation - response - followup

Adjacency pairs (utterance function and expected response)

  • greeting - greeting
  • congratulation - thanks
  • apology - acceptance
  • inform - acknowledge
  • leave-taking - leave-taking
Grammatical intricacy
Lexical density
Action as nouns
Explicitness
Contextualization
Spontaneity
Repetition, hesitations, and redundancy

Differences between spoken and written discourse: grammatical intricacy; lexical density; nominalization; explicitness; contextualization; spontaneity; and repetition, hesitations, and redundancy (Paltridge, 2012).

Synchronous vs. asynchronous

Rank from synchronous (inter-personally involved) to asynchronous (detached)...

Facebook chat, academic article, prepared lecture, newspaper article, cell phone conversation, WhatsApp chat, interview

Personal involvement

One possible "answer": Interview, cell phone conversation; WhatsApp Chat, Facebook chat, prepared lecture, newspaper article, academic article

Written Discourse

Types of texts...

  • Leaflet/brochure
  • Letter to/from a friend
  • Public notice
  • Product label
  • Newspaper
  • Poem
  • News report
  • Academic aritcle
  • Small ads
  • Postcard to/from a friend
  • Business letter
  • Text to/from a friend
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Created By
Benjamin Stewart
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by Omar Prestwich - "Taking night photo on phone" • Bewakoof.com Official - "untitled image" • Waylin - "words adjectives feelings sentiments positive words text" • MIH83 - "books pay numbers" • skeeze - "baseball player shortstop infield sport playing glove" • MichaelGaida - "globe map country" • John Michael Thomson - "The Bookshop" • Markos Mant - "Sailing in Aegean Sea" • aitoff - "stormtrooper bohemian rhapsody queen lego star war" • Efraimstochter - "dolphins swim dolphin" • Naassom Azevedo - "Amigos Correndo" • rawpixel - "untitled image" • Jeevan - "birthday cake candles sweet flowers fire happiness" • Lina Trochez - "Brindar siempre lo mejor de ti." • Felix Koutchinski - "Forgiveness" • The HK Photo Company - "Bride and Groom holding Thank You Signs" • RobinHiggins - "ok a-ok woman" • rawpixel - "untitled image" • skeeze - "child waving goodbye departure plane" • rawpixel - "Man holding river photo"

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