Architecture of England
Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period, amongst the best-known are Stonehenge, Devil's Arrows, Rudston Monolith and Castlerigg. Early Medieval architecture's secular buildings were simple constructions mainly using timber with thatch for roofing. Ecclesiastical architecture ranged from a synthesis of Hiberno—Saxon monasticism, to Early Christian basilica and architecture characterised by pilaster-strips, blank arcading, baluster shafts and triangular headed openings. After the Norman conquest in 1066 various Castles in England were created so law lords could uphold their authority and in the north to protect from invasion. Some of the best-known medieval castles are the Tower of London, Warwick Castle, Durham Castle and Windsor Castle.
Fish and chips is one of the best-known dishes of England. Cottage pie (made with minced beef) or shepherd's pie (made with minced lamb) is a meat pie with a crust of mashed potato. Spotted dick is a British pudding, made with suet and dried fruit (usually currants and/or raisins) and often served with custard.
There are 128 IB schools in England. There has been an IB World School in this country since: 1917.
Since weather records began, the highest temperature record was 38.5 C (101.3 F) on August 10, 2003 at Brogdale in Kent, while the lowest was -26.1 C (-15.0 F) on January 1982 in Edgmond, Shropshire.