The Rise Of A Military
How did Japan become a military society? Japan became a military society when Minamoto Yoritomo came to power of the military and the Kamakura came to become a government. (1192- 1868)
Explain the shogun, daimyo, and samurai structure and loyalties involved. The shogun was the supreme military leader and seemed to be loyal to the people but really held the power. The daimyo are the estate owners, they are loyal to the shogun. The samurai are special trained warriors who are loyal to the daimyo who give them land for protection and loyalty.
Samurai Armor, Weapons and Fighting
Describe and show pictures of their armor and weapons. Samurai dressed in heavy armor. Under that they wore a colorful robe called a Kimono and baggy trousers. They wore leather shin guards to protect their legs. Samurais armor was unique. It was rowed with metal plates that were strong and flexible and allowed the person to move freely. They also wore a scary mask to protect their face and scare the enemies and a helmet. The samurais weapons included the spear, ( to knock of enemy horse riders) the bow and arrow, (can be used to shoot enemies) and the sword(they used two the long sword and katana).
Describe their military training and fighting styles. The young samurai were trained by archers who taught them to shoot accurately without thinking and how to breath properly. They also taught them physical and mental techniques. After they would learn the way of swordsmanship. They learned how to make their enemies make the first move, stay out of range of fire, fight in tight spaces, fight multiple people, and fight with one or no weapons. Their fighting styles were different. They would send a messenger to set the time where and when the battle will take place. Then they shouted out names ancestors, heroic deeds, and reason for battle. Then they found an enemie with close to the same rank and fought.
Samurai Training and the Warrior Code
How did someone become a samurai? What were the stages? Someone can become a samurai when they have their six sense. The stages: first, have self control (not be afraid of death), second, be able to control your mental and physical self, and third, have the sixth sense.
What were they trained to do physically and mentally? Physically: learn to endure pain and suffering, go days without food, walk in the snow barefoot, and being able to take a hit. Mentally: have self control (not be afraid to die) and have the sixths sense.
What is Bushido? (The Way of the Warrior) warriors are expected to be loyal, brave, and honest.
What other values/ideals/customs do Samurai live by? Samurais were all about loyalty to their leaders. They care about honor more then their own lives.
Discuss Seppuku. Seppuku is also known as ritual suicide. Samurai do this when they persevered personal honor, avoided capture in battle, committed crime, and may do it when their leader dies. The ritual begins by them taking a bath, then he would unhinged his long hair, and put on white clothes used for dressing corpse. They would be served their favorite food then a sword would be placed on a tray. He would then plunge a sword across his stomach to make a complete circle then a swordsman would slice his head off to end his agony.
Training in Writing Literature and Tea Ceremony
Samurai were also expected to write calighraphy. They had a brush, a ink pad, and silk or paper. They drew pictures to set a mood. Samurai were also expected to do poetry. The most famous poetry was haiku. Haiku was special because it went 5 syllables, 7 , then 5 again, making it 17 syllables long. A tea ceremony fostered spirit of harmony, reverence, and calm, it also served an important way to form political alliances.