Interwar Period Ellie Franck and Karly Johnston

All Countries

Some look to science to help support disillusion with the world

Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world

People in early post war era live for the moment, not planning on future

England

Outdated factories and “replaced” as industrial leader by Japan and America.

Ramsay MacDonald, leader of the Labour Party in the political arena.

Easter Rising: revolt against their government in an attempt to gain independence but resulted in executions of many of the movements leaders

IRA terrorist group fights for their independence.

The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany

America

Black Tuesday, Oct. 29, 1929: because of speculation, stock market crashed plunging the nation into depression

New Economic Plan kept heavy industry, communications, transportation, and credit systems under government control

Movies become big entertainment

Women start wearing hair and skirts shorter and start hanging in jazz clubs. The “Flappers”

Led by Hebert Hoover in the early stages of the depression years, later led by FDR.

Social Security Act of 1935 provided unemployment and old-aged benefits

New Deal: a series of reforms in an attempt to drag their country out of the depression

France

Farmland as well as entire cities of the North lay in ruins as a result of the battles of WWI

Three waves of the influenza pandemic hit

Spent large amount of money to fortify borders with the Maginot Line

Signed a mutual assistance treaty with Czechoslovakia and Poland

The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany

Germany

Leader known as der Fuhrer

His inspired speeches led his people to believe they could be restored in their pride, power, and world status

Secretly began to rebuild and rearm the army

Nazi Party leader Adolph Hitler becomes Chancellor & begins the Third Reich

Wartime alliance with Italy comes to an end

To help rid the country of the communist his party staged the burning of the Reichstag building and blamed the communist

Open violation of the Treaty of Versailles when he marched his troops into the Rhineland.

The Beer Hall Putsch was an attempt to oust the government. The future leader of the country was involved and jailed for his involvement

Began Fascist doctrine that appealed to the upper and middle classes

The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany

In a book by the future leader of the country known as Mein Kampf, his racial superiority theory was laid out

Violence played a major role in politics

Aryan racial superiority became an obsession of the state

A single political party dominated by a single man

No concern for human rights

Italy

His inspired speeches led his people to believe they could be restored in their pride, power, and world status

Fascist leader known as Benito Mussolini, also known as Il Duce, rises to power

Symbol of country is Roman axe bundled tightly with rods

Youth followers, known as “Sons of the Wolf”

Began Fascist doctrine that appealed to the upper and middle classes

His “Black Shirts” broke up strikes, intimidated workers, and drove elected socialist from office

The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany

Violence played a major role in politics

A single political party dominated by a single man

No concern for human rights

Soviet Union

The 5-year plan resulted in decreased agricultural output and many starve

Vladimir Lenin rose to lead the country

Became a command economy in which government controlled all economic decisions

ALL religion was discouraged and in many cases banned all together

The death of Lenin led to a power struggle between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Stalin will win the fight

The “purge” rid the country of party members suspected of being disloyal

Agriculture grouped to form collective farms and people worked together to bring in the crops using the scarce farm machinery

Had a five year plan to increase industrial, agricultural output and turn them into modern industrial giant

Million of citizens were sent to gulags which were brutal labor camps in the barren area known as Siberia

Violence played a major role in politics

A single political party dominated by a single man

No concern for human rights

Said it would end all class division like the teachings of Karl Marx

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