1. Take a walk
A lot can happen between winter and spring, and experts agree a visual inspection is crucial to stopping small problems before they turn into big ones.
On the first pass, look for siding damage, missing paint, holes, large cracks, damaged downspouts, and areas where water is accumulating near the foundation. Check your decks for levelness, and use binoculars to examine the roof.
Next, bring it in closer: Examine soffits, doors, windows, screens, and vents, and make a note of any damage.
DIY: If you feel comfortable, shimmy up a ladder to get a view of your gutters. Check for debris, and run water through your downspouts to make sure they aren't clogged.
Call in the pros: Roofing, siding, and soffit damage should all be tackled by a pro. The average cost per hour will vary by region, but Turner says to figure $65 to $95 per hour for a licensed professional plus materials.
2. Peek in your crawl space
A lot can happen down there during the frigid months. Critters can set up house, pipes can freeze or break loose from their brackets, and too much moisture can lead to (shudder) mold.
DIY: "Unless your crawl space is full of rooms, you can do a very thorough inspection from the entry door," Turner says. Open the door, kneel down, and train a high-powered flashlight on the ground. Most homes have a vapor barrier or plastic sheet covering the entire dirt floor, which prevents humidity from seeping into your insulation (and your home). Make sure this sheet is intact and hasn't shifted or been ripped by animals during the winter months.
Next, run your light on the underfloor structure and check for moisture, dripping, falling insulation, mold, or sagging. If you do decide to fully enter your crawl space, be sure to wear a Tyvek (polyethylene) suit, a mask over your mouth, and safety goggles.
Call in the pros: If your floor is sagging—or if you spy serious mold, water leaks, or a pest infestation—call in a professional.
3. Survey (and repair) winter's damage in the yard
Apply fresh mulch in the garden.
Kick off the growing and mowing season with a spring-cleaning of your yard. Grab a rake to clear out dead grass, weeds, and sticks, and use a mulching mower to recycle it all. Then, if the soil has warmed in your neck of the woods, apply mulch.
DIY: Apply a 2- to 3-inch layer around plants, recommends Phil Dwyer, a turf grass scientist for Scotts Miracle-Grow. And keep a bare ring between mulch and tree trunks. ("Volcano mulching," or piling mulch up against the trunk of a tree, can attract fungus and pests.)
If your yard has seen better days (and thanks to the epic storms of this past winter, chances are it has), patch and thicken your grass with an overseeding product.
4. Give your flowers a fresh start
Prepare the soil before planting new flowers.
We all know that April showers bring May flowers—but only if you've done the requisite prep work.
DIY: Begin preparing flower and vegetable beds by removing any dead plants. Then work in compost, which will provide your soil with rich ingredients as well as continuous-release plant food.
Next, pull out weeds and use a pre-emergent weed preventer.
Call in the pros: If you don't have anything even remotely resembling a green thumb, consider hiring a professional gardener or landscaper. But know that the price you'll pay will largely depend on how big an area you want planted.
5. Tune up your mower
Check the oil in your lawn mower. After months of hibernation, your lawn mower will need a quick tuneup; clean the exterior, change your oil and spark plugs, and fill the tank with fresh fuel.
DIY: Use compressed air or a leaf blower to clear grass, dirt, and debris that have accumulated in your mower. Let your machine run for a bit before changing the oil and filter. Clean foam air filters with soap and water, and make sure your machine's deck height is at the highest possible setting for your grass type. (Cutting too short can put stress on your lawn.)
6. Check your AC
DIY: Change the unit's filter, and spray the outside of the condenser with a garden hose to remove dust. (Don't use a pressure washer, which can damage fins.)
7. Prep your dishwasher
Make sure your dishwasher's drain is free of debris. With gatherings for Easter, Passover, Mother’s Day, and even graduations right around the corner, you’ll want to make sure your dishwasher can handle all those dirty dishes.
DIY: Make sure your dishwasher's drain is free of debris to prevent clogging. If your unit has a removable filter, clean it regularly with a mild detergent.
Call in the pros: If removing the filter doesn't solve your dishwasher woes, a professional appliance repair service will likely set you back $150.
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