Albinism is a low pigmentation disorder that reduces the amount of melanin pigment in the skin. It is a genetic disorder that can be passed down from generation to generation. Most of the time, Albinism can be seen in people's hair, skin, or color. However, what everyone with albinism has is vision problems. They can also get sunburned really easily because they have no pigmentation.
Genetic Transmission: Albinism is a disorder that occurs when two parents pass on their recessive traits to a child and one of the x chromosomes is affected. This gene that produces melanin does not function properly so the child is born without pigment. In some of the types of albinism, many gene mutations occur, so the child will have severe eye problems. Since, it is found on the X chromosome, it is equally common in both boys and girls.
The 21st chromosome is affected, causing the child to be born without melanin.
Disorder characteristics: Some characteristics are your skin color, hair color, and eye color and vision. People with albinism have a pink skin color. They also have hair that is white and bright. People with albinism also have an eye color of pink or blue, and they will have vision problems. They will have to have special prescriptions to help their eye sight such as special glasses or contact lenses.
These are what typical Albino children look like. White hair, blue eyes, and cross eyes.
Treatments: Since albinism is a genetic disorder it cant ever be taken away from someone. People with albinism can only treat the symptoms and minor parts,. Doctors can also look for cancer in the skin. Things that they can treat are most of their eye problems. Doctors will give them prescription glasses specifically to help with the nearsightedness and blurry vision.
These are the glasses for albinos. They are tilted inward.
Symptoms: Albinos usually have less pigment in their skin, hair,or eye color. However, all people diagnosed with albinism have a vision problem. They have white hair and pink skin, and the skin could range from a pale white, to a very light brown. Their pigment never changes, so they can't tan like other people. Albinos have a sensitivity to light, nearsightedness or farsightedness.
How common: One newborn child out of 37,000 babies has some type of albinism. Albinism is a very rare disease.
This chart shows you how rare Albinism is in the countries it occurs most.
There are four types of albinism, each one is based on the area where it comes from.
Animals can have Albinism too. (see crocodile below)
Albinos tend to live longer lives than normal people.
Famous person: Our famous person is Jaylen Fisher, a college basketball player for the TCU Horned Frogs. He is a point guard from Arlington, Tennessee who averages 10 points a game. If you want to see his highlights from some of the games he's played at Team Thad, this is the link.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NdCKEUOhYZg. This is also one at the top 100 Nba camp. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R5ZgNsjHzcE
Cites: www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/albinism/basics/definition/con-20029935,http://www.healthline.com/health/albinism#Overview1, http://thecutest.org/2016/02/04/15-rare-albino-animals/,https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001479.htm
This is a albino alligator. Animals can also have albinism from their parents, but is very rare. They can inherit traits like humans.