Leadership is influencing the community to follow the leader's vision.
Mobilizing people to tackle tough problems. Differs from the norms.
Leadership has become a mean to providing a vision and influencing others to realize it through non coercive means. ( i.e business: vertical to horizontal structure.)
Thomas Caryle solidified the notion that history is the story of great men and their impact on society. (Great man Theory)
Leadership in many cultures is an normative idea. Represents the set of values.
Sensationalist believe that you were a product of whatever time you were born in. (Situational theory)
Contingency Theory -Know Your Audience
A leader can influence by adjusting to the expectations of the followers.
The saying " leaders are born not made" is dangerous.
"Living systems seek equilibrium." In response to stress humans work to regain balance. Evolution works by trial and error.
For a social system to learn,old patterns of relationship-balances of power, customary operating procedures, distributions of wealth may be threatened."
"Evolution has no purpose- survival is our only measure of success."We perceive problems whenever circumstances do not conform to the way we think things ought to be.Adaptive work involves the assessment of reality – but also the clarification of values.
Social Systems have a mix of values and competition within the mix leads to conflict.
In society each party has to learn from each other in order for systems to work. Learning would require each party to interpret the problem somewhat differently.
Ongoing adaptive capacity requires a rich and evolving mixing of values. It requires leadership to fire and contain the forces of invention and change.
What is leadership? Is it getting people to adaptive work? Tough realities, mutual vulnerabilities brings about difficult decisions.
Mutual vulnerability as a defense relies too much on the other side. People's expectation of times during distress have authority figures pulling away from making bold claims.
Our ability to form authority relationships lies at the base of our organization.
Is leadership authority? There is a difference Collective thought says personal skill, temperament,and motives. Some people have it some people don't. That's not whole story. Context plays a key part.
If we always see Leadership as authority we fail to see the obstacles that come along with authority.
Dominance structures serve similar functions across species, although social arrangements vary in primate societies from fluid to rigidly hierarchical.
Authority is a title of power to preform a service.
Not all authority relationship are the product of a conscious and deliberate conferring of power.
the extent to which different people are able to confer power rather than defer by habit differs markedly. Some people know that the power to confer is already within them. They come to think come to think about authority figures with mutuality.
our capacity to internalize the teachings of authorities enables the formation of culture and consequently large and flexible societies and organization.
The existence of a robust culture cannot replace the need for an authority system.
We have seen that dominance relationships serve key social functions in animal societies, and that in human societies, cultural norms partially take place of authority relationships in coordinating social activity.
WE Attribute charisma to people who voice our pains and provide us with promise.